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Analytical and Numerical Study of the Evaporation on Mixed Convection in aVertical Rectangular Cavity

M. Ihdene1, T. Ben Malek2, S. Aberkane3, M. Mouderes4, P. Spiterri5, A. Ghezal2
Université Yahia Farès de Médéa-26000, Algérie.
Laboratoire de mécanique des fluides théorique et appliquée, Faculté de physique, Université des sciences et de la technologie Houari Boumediene Bab Ezzouar, Alger, Algérie.
Département Génie mécanique, Faculté des sciences de l’ingénieur, Université Mohand El Hadj Bouira, Algérie.
Faculté des hydrocarbures et de la chimie, Université M’Hamed Bougara de Boumerdés-35000, Algérie.
Université de Toulouse, France.

Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing 2017, 13(2), 85-105. https://doi.org/10.3970/fdmp.2017.013.085

Abstract

We consider an ascending laminar air flow in a vertical channel formed by two parallel flat plates wetted by a thin water film and under different temperature and concentration conditions. The study includes a numerical finite volume method for the treatment of the double diffusion problem, where the analytical solution is given to the thermal diffusion. The analytical study showed that the reversed flow is observed only under some wall temperature conditions and also for certain values of Re/Gr. The reversed flow is also strongly dependent on the aspect ratio A2, which is based on the cross section of the channel.
Indeed, the results show than this dependence is very strong for values less than a certain critical one equal to 2.22. In the absence of the mass transfer the results showed that the evaporation rate remains null along the channel, decreases when the mass gradient is favorable and it finally vanishes at x=15. However, the evaporation rate increases in the case of an unfavorable mass gradient, to cancel at position x=20, then merges with the curve representing the forced convection. In the absence of heat transfer the evaporation rate is less important and amounts to fifty percent of the double diffusion. The results obtained by the analytical and numerical methods are compared each other and with those of a similar works and a good agreement was found.

Keywords

Heat and mass transfer, mixed convection, numerical and analytical study, channel flow.

Cite This Article

Ihdene, M., Malek, T. B., Aberkane, S., Mouderes, M., Spiterri, P. et al. (2017). Analytical and Numerical Study of the Evaporation on Mixed Convection in aVertical Rectangular Cavity. FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, 13(2), 85–105.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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