Table of Content

Open AccessOpen Access


Effect of Streamlined Nose Length on the Aerodynamic Performance of a 800 km/h Evacuated Tube Train

Xiaohan Zhang1, Yao Jiang2, Tian Li1, *

1 State Key Laboratory of Traction Power, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, 610031, China.
2 China Railway Eryuan Engineering Group Co., Ltd., Chengdu, 610031, China.

* Corresponding Author: Tian Li. Email: .

(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Train Aerodynamics)

Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing 2020, 16(1), 67-76.


The aerodynamic resistance of a train running in the open air limits the maximum speed that can be attained by the train. For this reason, evacuated tube trains (ETT) are being considered as valid alternatives to be implemented in the future. The atmosphere in the tube, the so-called blocking ratio and the length of the streamlined nose are the key factors affecting the aerodynamic performances of these trains. In the present work, we investigate evacuated tube trains with different lengths of the streamline nose on the basis of computational fluid dynamics (CFD). The three-dimensional steady compressible Navier-Stokes equations are solved. The running speed of the ETT is 800 km/h and the blocking ratio is 0.2. Results show that with the increase of the streamlined nose length, the aerodynamic drag and lift forces of the head car decrease gradually, and the drag and lift forces of the middle car change slightly. For the tail car, the drag force decreases, whereas the absolute value of the lift force increases. At a speed of 800 km/h, a slight shock wave appears at the rear of the tail car, which affects the aerodynamic forces acting on the train.


Cite This Article

Zhang, X., Jiang, Y., Li, T. (2020). Effect of Streamlined Nose Length on the Aerodynamic Performance of a 800 km/h Evacuated Tube Train. FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, 16(1), 67–76.


This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 4986


  • 2806


  • 1


Share Link