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Study on the Deformation Mechanism of a Soft Rock Tunnel

Jianhui Yang1, Kai Shen1, Shoudong Pan2, Shuren Wang3,*, Zhengsheng Zou3

1 School of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Zhejiang University of Science and Technology, Hangzhou, 310023, China
2 China Railway 16 Bureau Group Co., Ltd., Beijing, 100018, China
3 School of Civil Engineering, Henan Polytechnic University, Jiaozuo, 454003, China

* Corresponding Author: Shuren Wang. Email: email

(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advanced Materials, Processing and Testing Technology)

Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing 2022, 18(2), 243-255.


The large deformation of soft rock tunnel is one of the key problems to be overcome in the tunnel construction stage. In the present study, the deformation mechanism of a representative tunnel and some related countermeasures are investigated using field tests and engineering geological analysis. Owing to the scarce performances of methods based on other criteria such as small pipe spacing, anchor bolt length and steel frame spacing, a new support scheme is implemented and optimized. Results show that shear failure and bedding sliding are produced under high horizontal stress conditions. The low strength of the surrounding rock results in the uneven convergence of both sides of the tunnel. With the aforementioned new support scheme, however, most of such problems can be mitigated leading to good stability properties and ensuing economic advantages.


Cite This Article

Yang, J., Shen, K., Pan, S., Wang, S., Zou, Z. (2022). Study on the Deformation Mechanism of a Soft Rock Tunnel. FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, 18(2), 243–255.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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