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Numerical Analysis of the Influence of Buoyancy Ratio and Dufour Parameter on Thermosolutal Convection in a Square Salt Gradient Solar Pond

Yassmine Rghif1,*, Belkacem Zeghmati2, Fatima Bahraoui1

1 Team of Heat Transfer and Energetic (UAE/U10FST), Faculty of Sciences and Techniques of Tangier, Abdelmalek Essaâdi University, Tangier, 90040, Morocco
2 Mathematics and Physics Laboratory (LAMPS), Perpignan Via Domicia University, Perpignan, 66860, France

* Corresponding Author: Yassmine Rghif. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Materials and Energy an Updated Image for 2021)

Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing 2022, 18(5), 1319-1329. https://doi.org/10.32604/fdmp.2022.021500

Abstract

This work aims to investigate numerically the influence of the buoyancy ratio and the Dufour parameter on thermosolutal convection in a square Salt Gradient Solar Pond (SGSP). The absorption of solar radiation by the saline water, the heat losses and the wind effects via the SGSP free surface are considered. The mathematical model is based on the Navier-Stokes equations used in synergy with the thermal energy equation. These equations are solved using the finite volume method and the Gauss algorithm. Velocity-pressure coupling is implemented through the SIMPLE algorithm. Simulations of the SGSP are performed for three values of buoyancy ratio (N = 1, 2 and 10), three values of Dufour parameter (Df = 0, 0.2 and 0.8) and some sample meteorological data (Tangier, Morocco). Results show that the highest dimensionless temperature of the storage zone is found for N = 10. In the same zone and for the same value of N, the dimensionless salt concentration decreases very slightly versus time (unlike for N = 1 or 2). Moreover, increasing Df from 0 to 0.8 causes a decrease in the dimensionless temperature of the SGSP storage zone and this decrease is more pronounced for N = 1 and N = 2.

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APA Style
Rghif, Y., Zeghmati, B., Bahraoui, F. (2022). Numerical analysis of the influence of buoyancy ratio and dufour parameter on thermosolutal convection in a square salt gradient solar pond. Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, 18(5), 1319-1329. https://doi.org/10.32604/fdmp.2022.021500
Vancouver Style
Rghif Y, Zeghmati B, Bahraoui F. Numerical analysis of the influence of buoyancy ratio and dufour parameter on thermosolutal convection in a square salt gradient solar pond. Fluid Dyn Mater Proc. 2022;18(5):1319-1329 https://doi.org/10.32604/fdmp.2022.021500
IEEE Style
Y. Rghif, B. Zeghmati, and F. Bahraoui "Numerical Analysis of the Influence of Buoyancy Ratio and Dufour Parameter on Thermosolutal Convection in a Square Salt Gradient Solar Pond," Fluid Dyn. Mater. Proc., vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 1319-1329. 2022. https://doi.org/10.32604/fdmp.2022.021500



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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