Vol.18, No.6, 2022, pp.1683-1698, doi:10.32604/fdmp.2022.022051
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ARTICLE
An Accurate Dynamic Forecast of Photovoltaic Energy Generation
  • Anoir Souissi1,*, Imen Guidara1, Maher Chaabene1, Giuseppe Marco Tina2, Moez Bouchouicha3
1 Signal, Image et Maîtrise de l’Energie (SIME Laboratory), Tunis, 1008, Tunisia
2 Dipartimento di Ingegneria Elettrica, Elettronica e Informatica, Catania, 95125, Italy
3 Laboratoire LIS-Equipe SIIM Département GMP IUT, Toulon, 83041, France
* Corresponding Author: Anoir Souissi. Email:
Received 18 February 2022; Accepted 30 March 2022; Issue published 27 June 2022
Abstract
The accurate forecast of the photovoltaic generation (PVG) process is essential to develop optimum installation sizing and pragmatic energy planning and management. This paper proposes a PVG forecast model for a PVG/Battery installation. The forecasting strategy is built on a Medium-Term Energy Forecasting (MTEF) approach refined dynamically every hour (Dynamic Medium-Term Energy Forecasting (DMTEF)) and adjusted by means of a Short-Term Energy Forecasting (STEF) strategy. The MTEF predicts the generated energy for a day ahead based on the PVG of the last 15 days. As for STEF, it is a combination between PVG Short-Term (ST) forecasting and DMTEF methods obtained by selecting the least inaccurate PVG estimation every 15 minutes. The algorithm results are validated by measures taken on a 3 KWp standalone PVG/Battery installation. The proposed approaches have been integrated into a management algorithm in order to make a pragmatic decision to ensure load supply considering relevant constraints and priorities and guarantee the battery safety. Simulation results show that STEF provides accurate results compared to measures in stable and perturbed days. The NMBE (Normalized Mean Bias Error) is equal to −0.58% in stable days and 26.10% in perturbed days.
Keywords
Energy Forecasting; MTEF; DMTEF; STEF; ARIMA model; photovoltaic energy
Cite This Article
Souissi, A., Guidara, I., Chaabene, M., Tina, G. M., Bouchouicha, M. (2022). An Accurate Dynamic Forecast of Photovoltaic Energy Generation. FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, 18(6), 1683–1698.
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