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Characterization of Unsaturated Polyester Filled with Waste Coconut Shells, Walnut Shells, and Carbon Fibers

Marwah Subhi Attallah, Reem Alaa Mohammed*, Ruaa Haitham Abdel-Rahim

Department of Materials Engineering, University of Technology-Iraq, Baghdad, Iraq

* Corresponding Author: Reem Alaa Mohammed. Email: email

(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Recent advancements in thermal fluid flow applications)

Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing 2023, 19(10), 2449-2469. https://doi.org/10.32604/fdmp.2023.027750

Abstract

This study aims to evaluate the erosion behavior and the hardness of hybrid composites made of varying amounts of coconut shells, walnut shells, and carbon fibers dispersed in a polyester matrix. MINITAB (L16) Taguchi experiments were used to determine the optimal combination of parameters. In particular, an erosion device consisting of a motor with a constant flow rate of 45 L/min, a pump with a diameter of 40 mm, a nozzle with a diameter of 5 mm, and a tank made of “perspex glass” 55 cm long, 30 cm tall, and 25 cm wide was used. The tests were conducted by varying the sample-to-nozzle distance, the pattern angle, and the sand particle size. The results have revealed that the presence of 7.5% by weight of waste coconut shell, for conditions corresponding to 90° angle, sand size 425 μm, stand distance 30 cm, gives the best wear resistance (3.04 × 10−5 g/g). The filler content and sand particle size affect the erosive rate, with the angle playing a secondary role. The distance between the sample and the nozzle has a weaker effect on erosive wear. The hardness results show that the models (UP-5% carbon fiber-2.5-3.5-4.5-5.5-6.5-7.5 wt.% waste coconut shell) give the best values for prayer compared to the samples (UP-5 wt.% carbon fiber-2.5-3.5-4.5-5.5-6.5-7.5 wt.% waste walnut shell).

Graphical Abstract

Characterization of Unsaturated Polyester Filled with Waste Coconut Shells, Walnut Shells, and Carbon Fibers

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Cite This Article

Attallah, M. S., Mohammed, R. A., Abdel-Rahim, R. H. (2023). Characterization of Unsaturated Polyester Filled with Waste Coconut Shells, Walnut Shells, and Carbon Fibers. FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, 19(10), 2449–2469.



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