Open Access iconOpen Access



Study of the Seepage Mechanism in Thick Heterogeneous Gas Reservoirs

Xin Huang1,*, Yunpeng Jiang1, Daowu Huang1, Xianke He1, Xianguo Zhang2, Ping Guo3

1 Shanghai Branch of CNOOC, Ltd., Shanghai, 200335, China
2 School of Geosciences, China University of Petroleum, Qingdao, 266580, China
3 State Key Laboratory of Oil and Gas Reservoir Geology and Exploitation Southwest Petroleum University, Chengdu, 610500, China

* Corresponding Author: Xin Huang. Email: email

(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advances in Oil and Gas Well Fluid Mechanics)

Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing 2023, 19(6), 1679-1691.


The seepage mechanism plays a crucial role in low-permeability gas reservoirs. Compared with conventional gas reservoirs, low-permeability sandstone gas reservoirs are characterized by low porosity, low permeability, strong heterogeneity, and high water saturation. Moreover, their percolation mechanisms are more complex. The present work describes a series of experiments conducted considering low-permeability sandstone cores under pressure-depletion conditions (from the Xihu Depression in the East China Sea Basin). It is shown that the threshold pressure gradient of a low-permeability gas reservoir in thick layers is positively correlated with water saturation and negatively correlated with permeability and porosity. The reservoir stress sensitivity is related to permeability and rock composition. Stress sensitivity is generally low when permeability is high or in the early stage of gas reservoir development. It is also shown that in sand conglomerates, especially the more sparsely filled parts, the interstitial materials among the conglomerates can be rapidly dislodged from the skeleton particles under stress. This material can therefore disperse, migrate, and block the pore throat producing serious, stress-sensitive damage.


Cite This Article

Huang, X., Jiang, Y., Huang, D., He, X., Zhang, X. et al. (2023). Study of the Seepage Mechanism in Thick Heterogeneous Gas Reservoirs. FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, 19(6), 1679–1691.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 730


  • 308


  • 1


Share Link