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Fluid Transport in Compacted Porous Talc Blocks

Viveca Wallqvist1, Per M. Claesson2, Agne Swerin1, Patrick A. C. Gane3,4,3, Joachim Schoelkopf3
YKI, Ytkemiska Institutet AB/Institute for Surface Chemistry, Stockholm, Sweden
Department of Chemistry, Surface chemistry, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
Omya Development AG, Research and Technology Services, Oftringen, Switzerland
Helsinki University of Technology, Laboratory of Paperand Printing Technology, TKK, Finland

Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing 2008, 4(2), 85-98. https://doi.org/10.3970/fdmp.2008.004.085

Abstract

It has been shown that talc powder can be compacted into tablets with a preferred orientation of the platelets. The tablets can be obtained with different controlled porosity depending on pressing methods and applied pressure. The tablets can be obtained with or without additives, which may, in turn, be adsorbed. The orientation of the high aspect ratio platy talc, the surface chemistry imparted by the additives and the transported fluid influence the imbibition and permeation rates. Non-polar hexadecane displays a higher imbibition and permeability than water for all particulate orientations during short timescale absorption, likely due to the oleophilic nature of talc, and thus a more complete filling of the pores for non-polar liquids is to be expected. At longer timescales water is imbibed either at a similar rate to hexadecane or faster depending on the surface chemistry generated by additives leading to hydrophilicity. The swelling of the added polymers used to create wettability leads to break-up of the structure and exposure of hydrophilic surfaces for more rapid imbibition. It is not possible, therefore, to measure reliably the water uptake parameters when talc is fully dispersed with surfactants. Furthermore, dispersing agents tend to contribute to the blocking of pores and throats in the swollen state, and so a limitation in total imbibed volume occurs. The permeability under pressure is also inhibited by additives, which supports the suggestion of partial blockage of the pores and throats. When the individual talc crystal c axes, defining the perpendicular to the [001] planes, are oriented 90\textdegree \ to the primary average liquid flow direction, i.e. are oriented in a planar configuration to the flow, imbibition and permeation of wetting liquid are increased. This is assumed to be due to decreased tortuosity, provided the liquid is wetting in respect to the oriented edge surface. However, non-wetting liquids in respect to all, or geometrically dependent, orientations are subject also to the surface chemistry presented by the orientation, i.e. whether the talc is primarily displaying OH-groups or not, or adsorbed species aiding wetting by the liquid. Measurements where additives are not strongly adsorbed are complicated by the solubility of some wetting and dispersing agents.

Keywords

talc, porous media, imbibition, surface chemistry, absorption, permeability.

Cite This Article

Wallqvist, V., Claesson, P. M., Swerin, A., A., P., Schoelkopf, J. (2008). Fluid Transport in Compacted Porous Talc Blocks. FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, 4(2), 85–98.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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