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Electromagnetic Levitation Part I: Theoretical and Experimental Considerations

Sayavur I. Bakhtiyarov1, Dennis A. Siginer2
Department of Mechanical Engineering, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, Socorro, NM 87801-4796 USA
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS 67230-0133, USA

Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing 2008, 4(2), 99-112.


Levitation of liquid bodies against gravity is a contactless confinement process appropriate for manufacturing very pure materials. A variety of levitation techniques have been developed over the last few decades, such as aerodynamic, acoustic, electrostatic, microwave, and electromagnetic levitations. More recently, a new generation of novel techniques, essentially combinations of the established primary techniques, has been successfully introduced. Examples are acoustic-electric, aerodynamic-acoustic and acoustic-electromagnetic. The purpose of this series of papers in three parts, Bakhtiyarov and Siginer (2007a,b), is to review the advances in electromagnetic levitation (EML) since its introduction as a containerless melting technique, and a tool for the determination of the thermophysical properties of molten metals under both terrestrial and microgravity conditions.


electromagnetic levitation, thermophysical properties, microgravity, undercooling, droplet stability, metallic melt

Cite This Article

Bakhtiyarov, S. I., Siginer, D. A. (2008). Electromagnetic Levitation Part I: Theoretical and Experimental Considerations. FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, 4(2), 99–112.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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