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G. Prakash Narayana, Karan H. Mistrya, Mostafa H. Sharqawya, Syed M. Zubairb, John H. Lienhard Va,†

a Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, USA.
b Department of Mechanical Engineering, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia.
† Corresponding author. Email:

Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer 2010, 1(2), 1-13.


Simultaneous heat and mass exchange devices such as cooling towers, humidifiers and dehumidifiers are widely used in the power generation, desalination, air conditioning, and refrigeration industries. For design and rating of these components it is useful to define their performance by an effectiveness. In this paper, several different effectiveness definitions that have been used in literature are critically reviewed and an energy based effectiveness which can be applied to all types of heat and mass exchangers is defined. The validity and the limitations of the various effectiveness definitions are demonstrated by way of several examples including direct and indirect contact, parallel and counterflow heat and mass exchangers. The limiting case of a simple heat exchanger is also discussed. The importance of thermal balancing in minimizing entropy production and its implications for optimization and design of these devices is dealt with in detail. The application of the energy effectiveness to heat-exchanger-like ε-NTU correlations is also examined using a detailed numerical model.


Cite This Article

Narayan, G. P., Mistry, K. H., Sharqawy, M. H., Zubair, S. M., H., J. (2010). ENERGY EFFECTIVENESS OF SIMULTANEOUS HEAT AND MASS EXCHANGE DEVICES. Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, 1(2), 1–13.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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