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Optimizing Sustainability: Exergoenvironmental Analysis of a Multi-Effect Distillation with Thermal Vapor Compression System for Seawater Desalination

Zineb Fergani1, Zakaria Triki1, Rabah Menasri1, Hichem Tahraoui1,2,*, Meriem Zamouche3, Mohammed Kebir4, Jie Zhang5, Abdeltif Amrane6,*

1 Laboratory of Biomaterials and Transport Phenomena, University of Medea, Medea, 26000, Algeria
2 Laboratory of Chemical Process Engineering, University of Ferhat Abbas, Setif, 19000, Algeria
3 Department of Environmental Engineering/Laboratoire de Recherche sur le Médicament et le Développement Durable (ReMeDD), University of Salah Boubnider Constantine 3, El Khroub, 25012, Algeria
4 Research Unit on Analysis and Technological Development in Environment (URADTE-CRAPC), Bou-Ismail Tipaza, BP 384, Algeria
5 School of Engineering, Merz Court, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU, UK
6 Univ Rennes, Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Rennes, CNRS, ISCR–UMR6226, Rennes, F-35000, France

* Corresponding Authors: Hichem Tahraoui. Email: email; Abdeltif Amrane. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Innovative Heat Transfer Fluids for Enhanced Energy Sustainability in Thermal Systems)

Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer 2024, 22(2), 455-473. https://doi.org/10.32604/fhmt.2024.050332

Abstract

Seawater desalination stands as an increasingly indispensable solution to address global water scarcity issues. This study conducts a thorough exergoenvironmental analysis of a multi-effect distillation with thermal vapor compression (MED-TVC) system, a highly promising desalination technology. The MED-TVC system presents an energy-efficient approach to desalination by harnessing waste heat sources and incorporating thermal vapor compression. The primary objective of this research is to assess the system’s thermodynamic efficiency and environmental impact, considering both energy and exergy aspects. The investigation delves into the intricacies of energy and exergy losses within the MED-TVC process, providing a holistic understanding of its performance. By scrutinizing the distribution and sources of exergy destruction, the study identifies specific areas for enhancement in the system’s design and operation, thereby elevating its overall sustainability. Moreover, the exergoenvironmental analysis quantifies the environmental impact, offering vital insights into the sustainability of seawater desalination technologies. The results underscore the significance of every component in the MED-TVC system for its exergoenvironmental performance. Notably, the thermal vapor compressor emerges as pivotal due to its direct impact on energy efficiency, exergy losses, and the environmental footprint of the process. Consequently, optimizing this particular component becomes imperative for achieving a more sustainable and efficient desalination system.

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APA Style
Fergani, Z., Triki, Z., Menasri, R., Tahraoui, H., Zamouche, M. et al. (2024). Optimizing sustainability: exergoenvironmental analysis of a multi-effect distillation with thermal vapor compression system for seawater desalination. Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, 22(2), 455-473. https://doi.org/10.32604/fhmt.2024.050332
Vancouver Style
Fergani Z, Triki Z, Menasri R, Tahraoui H, Zamouche M, Kebir M, et al. Optimizing sustainability: exergoenvironmental analysis of a multi-effect distillation with thermal vapor compression system for seawater desalination. Front Heat Mass Transf. 2024;22(2):455-473 https://doi.org/10.32604/fhmt.2024.050332
IEEE Style
Z. Fergani et al., "Optimizing Sustainability: Exergoenvironmental Analysis of a Multi-Effect Distillation with Thermal Vapor Compression System for Seawater Desalination," Front. Heat Mass Transf., vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 455-473. 2024. https://doi.org/10.32604/fhmt.2024.050332



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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