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Exact Analysis of Second Grade Fluid with Generalized Boundary Conditions

Syed Tauseef Saeed1, Muhammad Bilal Riaz2,3, Dumitru Baleanu4,5,7,*, Ali Akgül6, Syed Muhammad Husnine1

1 Department of Science & Humanities, National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences, Lahore Campus, 54000, Pakistan
2 Department of Mathematics, University of Management and Technology, Lahore, 54000, Pakistan
3 Institute for Groundwater Studies (IGS), University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, 9301, South Africa
4 Department of Mathematics, Cankaya University, Ankara, 06790, Turkey
5 Institutes of Space Sciences, Magurele, Bucharest, 077125, Romania
6 Institutes of Sciences, Siirt University, Siirt, 56100, Turkey
7 Department of Medical Research, China Medical University Hospital, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan

* Corresponding Author: Dumitru Baleanu. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Recent Trends in Computational Methods for Differential Equations)

Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing 2021, 28(2), 547-559.


Convective flow is a self-sustained flow with the effect of the temperature gradient. The density is non-uniform due to the variation of temperature. The effect of the magnetic flux plays a major role in convective flow. The process of heat transfer is accompanied by mass transfer process; for instance condensation, evaporation and chemical process. Due to the applications of the heat and mass transfer combined effects in different field, the main aim of this paper is to do comprehensive analysis of heat and mass transfer of MHD unsteady second-grade fluid in the presence of time dependent generalized boundary conditions. The non-dimensional forms of the governing equations of the model are developed. These are solved by the classical integral (Laplace) transform technique/method with the convolution theorem and closed form solutions are developed for temperature, concentration and velocity. Obtained generalized results are very important due to their vast applications in the field of engineering and applied sciences. The attained results are in good agreement with the published results. Additionally, the impact of thermal radiation with the magnetic field is also analyzed. The influence of physical parameters and flow is analyzed graphically via computational software (MATHCAD-15). The velocity profile decreases by increasing the Prandtl number. The existence of a Prandtl number may reflect the control of the thickness and enlargement of the thermal effect.


Cite This Article

APA Style
Saeed, S.T., Riaz, M.B., Baleanu, D., Akgül, A., Husnine, S.M. (2021). Exact analysis of second grade fluid with generalized boundary conditions. Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, 28(2), 547-559.
Vancouver Style
Saeed ST, Riaz MB, Baleanu D, Akgül A, Husnine SM. Exact analysis of second grade fluid with generalized boundary conditions. Intell Automat Soft Comput . 2021;28(2):547-559
IEEE Style
S.T. Saeed, M.B. Riaz, D. Baleanu, A. Akgül, and S.M. Husnine "Exact Analysis of Second Grade Fluid with Generalized Boundary Conditions," Intell. Automat. Soft Comput. , vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 547-559. 2021.


cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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