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Efficient Three-Dimensional Video Cybersecurity Framework Based on Double Random Phase Encoding

Osama S. Faragallah1,*, Walid El-Shafai2, Ashraf Afifi1, Ibrahim Elashry3, Mohammed A. AlZain1, Jehad F. Al-Amri1, Ben Soh4, Heba M. El-Hoseny5, Hala S. El-Sayed6, Fathi E.Abd El-Samie2

1 Department of Information Technology, College of Computers and Information Technology, Taif University, P.O. Box 11099, Taif, 21944, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Electronics and Electrical Communications Engineering, Faculty of Electronic Engineering, Menoufia University, Menouf, 32952, Egypt
3 Department of Electrical Engineering, Kafrelsheikh University, Kafrelsheikh, 61519, Egypt
4 Department of Computer Science and Computer Engineering, La Trobe University, Bundoora, 3086, Australia
5 Department of Electronics and Electrical Communication Engineering, Al-Obour High Institute for Engineering and Technology, 3036, Egypt
6 Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Menoufia University, Shebin El-kom, 32511, Egypt

* Corresponding Author: Osama S. Faragallah. Email: email

Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing 2021, 28(2), 353-367.


With the rapidly increasing rate of using online services and social media websites, cybercriminals have caused a great deterioration in the network security with enormous undesired consequences. Encryption techniques may be utilized to achieve data robustness and security in digital multimedia communication systems. From this perspective, this paper presents an optical ciphering framework using Double Random Phase Encoding (DRPE) for efficient and secure transmission of Three-Dimensional Videos (3DVs). Firstly, in the DRPE-based 3DV cybersecurity framework proposed in the paper, an optical emitter converts each frame of the transmitted 3DV into an optical signal. Then, the DRPE technique encrypts the obtained optical signal using two kinds of phase modulation in the time and frequency domains. Lastly, a Charge Coupled Device (CCD) digital camera converts, upon detection, the optical cipher frames to digital format. The proposed DRPE-based 3DV cybersecurity framework is examined and investigated through visual inspection and various security statistical metrics. Experiments and analysis show that the proposed DRPE-based 3DV cybersecurity framework is secure and effective to mitigate different multimedia attacks.


Cite This Article

O. S. Faragallah, W. El-Shafai, A. Afifi, I. Elashry, M. A. AlZain et al., "Efficient three-dimensional video cybersecurity framework based on double random phase encoding," Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, vol. 28, no.2, pp. 353–367, 2021.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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