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Key Frame Extraction of Surveillance Video Based on Frequency Domain Analysis

Yunzuo Zhang1,*, Shasha Zhang1, Jiayu Zhang1, Kaina Guo1, Zhaoquan Cai2

1 School of Information Science and Technology, Shijiazhuang Tiedao University, Shijiazhuang, 050043, China
2 Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Huizhou University, Huizhou, 516007, China

* Corresponding Author: Yunzuo Zhang. Email: email

Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing 2021, 29(1), 259-272.


Video key frame extraction, reputed as an essential step in video analysis and content-based video retrieval, and meanwhile, also serves as the basis and premise of generating video synopsis. Video key frame extraction means extracting the meaningful parts of the video by analyzing their content and structure to form a concise and semantically expressive summary. Up to now, people have achieved many research results in key frame extraction. Nevertheless, because the surveillance video has no specific structure, such as news, sports games, and other videos, it is not accurate enough to directly extract the key frame with the existing effective key frame extraction method. Hence, based on frequency domain analysis, this paper proposed a key frame extraction method for surveillance video, which obtains the frequency spectrum and phase spectrum by performing Fourier transform on the surveillance video frames. Using the frequency domain information of two adjacent frames can accurately reflect the global motion state changes and local motion state changes of the moving target. Experimental results show that the proposed method is correct and effective, and the extracted key frames can more accurately capture the changes in the global and local motion states of the target compared with the previous methods.


Cite This Article

Y. Zhang, S. Zhang, J. Zhang, K. Guo and Z. Cai, "Key frame extraction of surveillance video based on frequency domain analysis," Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, vol. 29, no.1, pp. 259–272, 2021.


cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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