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A Hybrid Scheme for Secure Wireless Communications in IoT

Muhammad Irshad Nazeer1,2,*, Ghulam Ali Mallah1, Raheel Ahmed Memon2
1 Department of Computer Science, Shah Abdul Latif University, Khairpur, 66111, Pakistan
2 Deparment of Computer Science, Sukkur IBA University, Sukkur, 65200, Pakistan
* Corresponding Author: Muhammad Irshad Nazeer. Email:
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Recent Advances in Intelligent Systems and Communication)

Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing 2021, 29(2), 633-648.

Received 10 February 2021; Accepted 13 April 2021; Issue published 16 June 2021


Network Coding is a potential technology for the future wireless communications and Internet of Things (IoT) as it reduces the number of transmissions and offers energy efficiency. It is vulnerable to threat and attack that can harm intermediate nodes. Indeed, it exhibits an ability to incorporate security of transmitted data, yet a lot of work needs to be done to provide a safeguard from threats. The purpose of this study is to strengthen the existing Network Coding scheme with a set of generic requirements for Network Coding Protocols by adopting system models and a Genetic Algorithm based cryptosystem. A hybrid approach is being adopted by combining a key-distribution scheme and a code encryption approach in an experimental setup which simulated it using MATLAB and KODO libraries. The proposed hybrid approach showed good results by strengthening security along with better key management while retaining the additional benefits. Further, simulations show good performance of this cryptosystem for Network Coding enabled communications. In terms of a generic frame, to the best of our knowledge, this is the first work which takes generic security requirements into consideration, combines key-distribution and Genetic Algorithm based encryption and takes a system approach. The proposed approach is named as a Genetic Crypto Outer Code Secure Network Coding (GCOCSNC).


Secure network coding; Genetic algorithms; Security in ad-hoc networks

Cite This Article

M. Irshad Nazeer, G. Ali Mallah and R. Ahmed Memon, "A hybrid scheme for secure wireless communications in iot," Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, vol. 29, no.2, pp. 633–648, 2021.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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