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A Low-Cost 3-Axis Computer Controlled Filament-Winding Pattern Design Method for Composite Elbows

Guiying Wang1, Xigui Wang1,*, Hong Zhao2, Yinggang Huang1, Jinyong Ju1, E. E Erdun3

1 College of Engineering & Technology, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin, 150040, China
2 Engineering Research Center of Flax processing technology Ministry of Education, P.R.C, Qiqihar University, Qiqihar, Heilongjiang, 161006, China
3 Kennedy College of Sciences, University of Massachusetts Lowell, Lowell, MA, 01852, USA

* Corresponding Author: Xigui Wang. Email: email

Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing 2021, 30(2), 651-662.


The aeronautics and aerospace industries often require special-shaped parts made from lightweight materials with a constant resistance, such as filament winding composite elbows and tees. Filament winding patterns can be realized using numerically controlled filament winding machines. Herein, a 3-axis computer controlled filament winding machine is proposed to solve existing problems with winding of composite elbows such as inconsistent quality, low productivity, and high costs. In this study, a geodesic winding equation for the torus and non-geodesic winding equation for the cylindrical sections of the elbow are provided and the winding angle α’ is optimized. Furthermore, the correspondence relationship between the cylindrical and torus section motion is derived. The winding pattern is optimized and tested using the proposed 3-axis filament-winding machine. The results show that the optimal winding pattern design can be easily calculated with a programmable multi-axis controller using a simple control program, and a consistent winding pattern can be achieved. This paper provides a low-cost manufacturing method for the filament winding of composite elbows with cylindrical ends of unequal lengths.


Cite This Article

G. Wang, X. Wang, H. Zhao, Y. Huang, J. Ju et al., "A low-cost 3-axis computer controlled filament-winding pattern design method for composite elbows," Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, vol. 30, no.2, pp. 651–662, 2021.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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