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CMMI Compliant Workflow Models to Track and Control Changes

Islam Ali1, Syed Muhammad Ali1, Waqar Mehmood2, Wasif Nisar1, Muhammad Qaiser Saleem3, Majzoob K. Omer3, Mahmood Niazi4, Muhammad Shafiq5, Jin-Ghoo Choi5,*

1 Department of Computer Science, COMSATS University Islamabad, Wah Campus, Pakistan
2 Department of IT and Computer Science, PAF-Institute of Applied Sciences and Technology, Mang, Haripur, Pakistan
3 College of Computer Science and Information Technology, Al Baha University, Al Baha, Saudi Arabia
4 Department of Information and Computer Science, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, 31261, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
5 Department of Information and Communication Engineering, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan, 38541, Korea

* Corresponding Author: Jin-Ghoo Choi. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Soft Computing Methods for Innovative Software Practices)

Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing 2022, 31(1), 387-405.


The Capability Maturity Model Integration (CMMI) is a renowned Software Process Improvement (SPI) framework. Research studies have revealed that CMMI adoption needs a lot of resources in terms of training, funds, and professional workers. However, the software SMEs (SSMEs) have few resources and cannot adopt CMMI. One of the challenges of adopting CMMI is that CMMI tells “What to do?” as requirements to be met, and leaves “How to do?” to the implementers. The software industry especially SSMEs faces difficulties in successfully implementing various process areas (PAs) particularly Configuration Management Process Area (CM-PA). SG-2 (Track and control changes) is one of the important Specific Goals (SGs) required by CMMI to successfully implement CM-PA. As a starting point, we have achieved this SG by implementing its two contributing Specific Practices (SPs). The proposed WFMs were validated through an Expert Panel Review (EPR) process. In addition, a case study approach was used for the evaluation. The results showed that the models are useful, easy to use, supportive in the achievement of SG-2, and applicable to SSMEs. It is worth mentioning that this research work has not only contributed to the implementation studies but also added to the empirical software engineering body of knowledge.


Cite This Article

APA Style
Ali, I., Ali, S.M., Mehmood, W., Nisar, W., Saleem, M.Q. et al. (2022). CMMI compliant workflow models to track and control changes. Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, 31(1), 387-405.
Vancouver Style
Ali I, Ali SM, Mehmood W, Nisar W, Saleem MQ, Omer MK, et al. CMMI compliant workflow models to track and control changes. Intell Automat Soft Comput . 2022;31(1):387-405
IEEE Style
I. Ali et al., "CMMI Compliant Workflow Models to Track and Control Changes," Intell. Automat. Soft Comput. , vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 387-405. 2022.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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