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Design and Analysis of a Novel Antenna for THz Wireless Communication

Omar A. Saraereh1,*, Luae Al-Tarawneh2, Ashraf Ali1, Amani M. Al Hadidi3

1 Department of Electrical Engineering, Engineering Faculty, The Hashemite University, Zarqa, 13133, Jordan
2 Communications Engineering Department, Princess Sumayya University for Technology, Amman, 11941, Jordan
3 Department of Allied Engineering Sciences, Engineering Faculty, The Hashemite University, Zarqa, 13133, Jordan

* Corresponding Author: Omar A. Saraereh. Email:

(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Soft Computing Methods for Intelligent Automation Systems)

Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing 2022, 31(1), 607-619.


The frequency range of the terahertz (THz) band is usually defined as 0.3~3.0 THz, and some scholars have also extended it to 0.1~10 THz. THz technology has the characteristics of low photon radiation energy and rich spectrum information, and the THz band contains the vibration and rotation resonance frequencies of many material macromolecules, which can realize fingerprint detection. Therefore, THz technology has great academic value and a wide range of applications in basic research and applied science. Application prospects, such as THz spectroscopy technology provides a new means for studying the interaction between electromagnetic waves and matter, and its application in sensing has also penetrated into semiconductors, biology and medicine and health, homeland security, food quality control and environmental testing and other major fields. This paper proposes a novel patch antenna structure for the THz communication. The proposed antenna is designed on a polyimide substrate and graphene. The prominent feature of this antenna is that the radiation performance is does not deteriorates when tuning the frequency points. The frequency is controlled through a bias electrical field and not the conventional electronic switch. Theoretical analysis is performed for frequency-tuning and the equivalent circuit model is utilized to determine the input impedance. Simulation results show that the proposed THz antenna operates in the wideband THz with high gain and radiation efficiency.


Cite This Article

O. A. Saraereh, L. Al-Tarawneh, A. Ali and A. M. Al Hadidi, "Design and analysis of a novel antenna for thz wireless communication," Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, vol. 31, no.1, pp. 607–619, 2022.


This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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