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Investigation of Techniques for VoIP Frame Aggregation Over A-MPDU 802.11n

Qasem M. Kharma*, Abdelrahman H. Hussein, Faris M. Taweel, Mosleh M. Abualhaj, Qusai Y. Shambour

Faculty of Information Technology, Al-Ahliyya Amman University, Amman, Jordan

* Corresponding Author: Qasem M. Kharma. Email: email

Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing 2022, 31(2), 869-883.


The widespread and desirable features of IP and IEEE 802.11 networks have made these technologies a suitable medium for carrying voice over IP (VoIP). However, a bandwidth (BW) exploitation obstacle emerges when 802.11 networks are used to carry VoIP traffic. This BW exploitation obstacle is caused by the large 80-byte preamble size of the VoIP packet and a waiting time of 765 μs for each layer 2 VoIP frame. As a solution, IEEE 802.11n was consequently designed with a built-in layer 2 frame aggregation feature, but the adverse impact on the VoIP performance still needed to be addressed. Subsequent VoIP research has proposed numerous enhancements to the built-in IEEE 802.11n aggregation techniques. In this study, we analyse and propose enhancements to the BW exploitation and VoIP performance over IEEE 802.11n. We also recommend new techniques to enhance VoIP performance via IEEE 802.11n frame aggregation implementations. Furthermore, we contribute guidelines for creating a robust, suitable, and reliable aggregation technique for VoIP over the 802.11n standard.


Cite This Article

Q. M. Kharma, A. H. Hussein, F. M. Taweel, M. M. Abualhaj and Q. Y. Shambour, "Investigation of techniques for voip frame aggregation over a-mpdu 802.11n," Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, vol. 31, no.2, pp. 869–883, 2022.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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