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Modernization Framework to Enhance the Security of Legacy Information Systems

Musawwer Khan1, Islam Ali1, Wasif Nisar1, Muhammad Qaiser Saleem2, Ali S. Ahmed2, Haysam E. Elamin3, Waqar Mehmood4, Muhammad Shafiq5,*

1 Department of Computer Science, COMSATS University Islamabad, Wah Campus, Pakistan
2 College of Computer Science and Information Technology, Al Baha University, Al Baha, Saudi Arabia
3 Department Information Technology, Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology, University of Jeddah, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
4 Department of IT and Computer Science, PAF-Institute of Applied Sciences and Technology, Haripur, Pakistan
5 Department of Information and Communication Engineering, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan, 38541, Korea

* Corresponding Author: Muhammad Shafiq. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Soft Computing Methods for Innovative Software Practices)

Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing 2022, 32(1), 543-555.


Due to various issues such as lack of agility, low performance, security issues, and high maintenance costs, the organization replaces its legacy information system (LIS). However, with the expansion of information technology, the security of the old system has received great attention. The protection of legacy data and information is critical to the organization. However, achieving safety through modernization, redevelopment, or redesign of LIS is a time-consuming and costly solution, especially in small and medium enterprises (SMEs). In addition, newly developed systems often lose inherent business rules, data integrity, and user trust. In this paper, we propose a Security Modernization Framework (SMF) to inject security measures into LIS without modernizing the existing solution. Fundamentally speaking, SMF is a collection of methods and technologies that enhance the security structure of LIS to protect applications and old data. SMF consists of two layers of security control: data audit trail and user access authorization. This contribution has two key advantages. First, it can help SMEs protect their data and applications from unauthorized access. Second, it is the lowest cost solution to implement security measures in LIS instead of modernizing or replacing the system. SMF has used the oracle technology for authentication, but the examples are also shown in pseudocode to facilitate easy positioning of other technologies.


Cite This Article

APA Style
Khan, M., Ali, I., Nisar, W., Saleem, M.Q., Ahmed, A.S. et al. (2022). Modernization framework to enhance the security of legacy information systems. Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, 32(1), 543-555.
Vancouver Style
Khan M, Ali I, Nisar W, Saleem MQ, Ahmed AS, Elamin HE, et al. Modernization framework to enhance the security of legacy information systems. Intell Automat Soft Comput . 2022;32(1):543-555
IEEE Style
M. Khan et al., "Modernization Framework to Enhance the Security of Legacy Information Systems," Intell. Automat. Soft Comput. , vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 543-555. 2022.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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