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Opportunistic Routing with Multi-Channel Cooperative Neighbour Discovery

S. Sathish Kumar1,*, G. Ravi2
1 AVS College of Technology, Salem, 636106, India
2 Sona College of Technology, Salem, 636005, India
* Corresponding Author: S. Sathish Kumar. Email:

Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing 2023, 35(2), 2367-2382. https://doi.org/10.32604/iasc.2023.030054

Received 17 March 2022; Accepted 19 April 2022; Issue published 19 July 2022

Abstract

Due to the scattered nature of the network, data transmission in a distributed Mobile Ad-hoc Network (MANET) consumes more energy resources (ER) than in a centralized network, resulting in a shorter network lifespan (NL). As a result, we build an Enhanced Opportunistic Routing (EORP) protocol architecture in order to address the issues raised before. This proposed routing protocol goal is to manage the routing cost by employing power, load, and delay to manage the routing energy consumption based on the flooding of control packets from the target node. According to the goal of the proposed protocol technique, it is possible to manage the routing cost by applying power, load, and delay. The proposed technique also manage the routing energy consumption based on the flooding of control packets from the destination node in order to reduce the routing cost. Control packet exchange between the target and all the nodes, on the other hand, is capable of having an influence on the overall efficiency of the system. The EORP protocol and the Multi-channel Cooperative Neighbour Discovery (MCCND) protocol have been designed to detect the cooperative adjacent nodes for each node in the routing route as part of the routing path discovery process, which occurs during control packet transmission. While control packet transmission is taking place during the routing path discovery process, the EORP protocol and the Multi-channel Cooperative Neighbour Discovery (MCCND) protocol have been designed to detect the cooperative adjacent nodes for each node in the routing. Also included is a simulation of these protocols in order to evaluate their performance across a wide range of packet speeds using Constant Bit Rate (CBR). When the packet rate of the CBR is 20 packets per second, the results reveal that the EORP-MCCND is 0.6 s quicker than the state-of-the-art protocols, according to the findings. Assuming that the CBR packet rate is 20 packets per second, the EORP-MCCND achieves 0.6 s of End 2 End Delay, 0.05 s of Routing Overhead Delay, 120 s of Network Lifetime, and 20 J of Energy Consumption efficiency, which is much better than that of the state-of-the-art protocols.

Keywords

Macro-addressable network; power- and load-aware routing; deterministic and opportunistic routing; gradient routing; multi-channel cooperative neighbor discovery

Cite This Article

S. Sathish Kumar and G. Ravi, "Opportunistic routing with multi-channel cooperative neighbour discovery," Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, vol. 35, no.2, pp. 2367–2382, 2023.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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