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Precise Multi-Class Classification of Brain Tumor via Optimization Based Relevance Vector Machine

S. Keerthi1,*, P. Santhi2

1 Department of Computer Science Engineering, Dayananda Sagar College of Engineering, Bangalore, 560078, India
2 Department of Computer Science Engineering, M. Kumarasamy College of Engineering, Karur, Tamil Nadu, 639113, India

* Corresponding Author: S. Keerthi. Email: email

Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing 2023, 36(1), 1173-1188. https://doi.org/10.32604/iasc.2023.029959

Abstract

The objective of this research is to examine the use of feature selection and classification methods for distinguishing different types of brain tumors. The brain tumor is characterized by an anomalous proliferation of brain cells that can either be benign or malignant. Most tumors are misdiagnosed due to the variability and complexity of lesions, which reduces the survival rate in patients. Diagnosis of brain tumors via computer vision algorithms is a challenging task. Segmentation and classification of brain tumors are currently one of the most essential surgical and pharmaceutical procedures. Traditional brain tumor identification techniques require manual segmentation or handcrafted feature extraction that is error-prone and time-consuming. Hence the proposed research work is mainly focused on medical image processing, which takes Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) images as input and performs preprocessing, segmentation, feature extraction, feature selection, similarity measurement, and classification steps for identifying brain tumors. Initially, the median filter is practically applied to the input image to reduce the noise. The graph-cut segmentation technique is used to segment the tumor region. The texture feature is extracted from the output of the segmented image. The extracted feature is selected by using the Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) algorithm to improve the performance of the classifier. This probabilistic approach is used to solve computing issues. The Euclidean distance is used to calculate the degree of similarity for each extracted feature. The selected feature value is given to the Relevance Vector Machine (RVM) which is a multi-class classification technique. Finally, the tumor is classified as abnormal or normal. The experimental result reveals that the proposed RVM technique gives a better accuracy range of 98.87% when compared to the traditional Support Vector Machine (SVM) technique.

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Cite This Article

APA Style
Keerthi, S., Santhi, P. (2023). Precise multi-class classification of brain tumor via optimization based relevance vector machine. Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, 36(1), 1173-1188. https://doi.org/10.32604/iasc.2023.029959
Vancouver Style
Keerthi S, Santhi P. Precise multi-class classification of brain tumor via optimization based relevance vector machine. Intell Automat Soft Comput . 2023;36(1):1173-1188 https://doi.org/10.32604/iasc.2023.029959
IEEE Style
S. Keerthi and P. Santhi, "Precise Multi-Class Classification of Brain Tumor via Optimization Based Relevance Vector Machine," Intell. Automat. Soft Comput. , vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 1173-1188. 2023. https://doi.org/10.32604/iasc.2023.029959



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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