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Mobility Aware Zone-Based Routing in Vehicle Ad hoc Networks Using Hybrid Metaheuristic Algorithm

C. Nandagopal1,*, P. Siva Kumar2, R. Rajalakshmi3, S. Anandamurugan4

1 M. Kumarasamy College of Engineering, Karur, Tamilnadu, India
2 Kalasalingam Academy of Research and Education, Krishnankoil, Tamilnadu, India
3 Ramco Institute of Technology, Rajapalayam, Tamilnadu, India
4 Kongu Engineering College, Erode, Tamilnadu, India

* Corresponding Author: C. Nandagopal. Email: email

Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing 2023, 36(1), 113-126.


Vehicle Ad hoc Networks (VANETs) have high mobility and a randomized connection structure, resulting in extremely dynamic behavior. Several challenges, such as frequent connection failures, sustainability, multi-hop data transfer, and data loss, affect the effectiveness of Transmission Control Protocols (TCP) on such wireless ad hoc networks. To avoid the problem, in this paper, mobility-aware zone-based routing in VANET is proposed. To achieve this concept, in this paper hybrid optimization algorithm is presented. The hybrid algorithm is a combination of Ant colony optimization (ACO) and artificial bee colony optimization (ABC). The proposed hybrid algorithm is designed for the routing process which is transmitting the information from one place to another. The optimal routing process is used to avoid traffic and link failure. The fitness function is designed based on Link stability and Residual energy. The validation of the proposed algorithm takes solution encoding, fitness calculation, and updating functions. To perform simulation experiments, NS2 simulator software is used. The performance of the proposed approach is analyzed based on different metrics namely, delivery ratio, delay time, throughput, and overhead. The effectiveness of the proposed method compared with different algorithms. Compared to other existing VANET algorithms, the hybrid algorithm has proven to be very efficient in terms of packet delivery ratio and delay.


Cite This Article

C. Nandagopal, P. S. Kumar, R. Rajalakshmi and S. Anandamurugan, "Mobility aware zone-based routing in vehicle ad hoc networks using hybrid metaheuristic algorithm," Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, vol. 36, no.1, pp. 113–126, 2023.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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