Open Access iconOpen Access



A Joint Optimization Algorithm for Renewable Energy System

Imran Khan1, Firdaus Muhammad-Sukki2, Jorge Alfredo Ardila Rey3, Abdullahi Abubakar Mas’ud4, Saud Jazaa Alshammari4, Dag Øivind Madsen5,*

1 Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology, Peshawar, 814, Pakistan
2 School of Engineering & the Built Environment, Edinburgh Napier University, Merchiston Campus, 10 Colinton Road, Edinburgh, EH105DT, Scotland, UK
3 Department of Electrical Engineering, Federico Santa María Technical University, Santiago, 8940000, Chile
4 Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Jubail Industrial College, P O Box 10099, Jubail 31961, Saudi Arabia
5 University of South-Eastern Norway, Bredalsveien, 14, 3511, Hønefoss, Norway

* Corresponding Author: Dag Øivind Madsen. Email: email

Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing 2023, 36(2), 1979-1989.


Energy sustainability is a hot topic in both scientific and political circles. To date, two alternative approaches to this issue are being taken. Some people believe that increasing power consumption is necessary for countries’ economic and social progress, while others are more concerned with maintaining carbon consumption under set limitations. To establish a secure, sustainable, and economical energy system while mitigating the consequences of climate change, most governments are currently pushing renewable growth policies. Energy markets are meant to provide consumers with dependable electricity at the lowest possible cost. A profit-maximization optimal decision model is created in the electric power market with the combined wind, solar units, loads, and energy storage systems, based on the bidding mechanism in the electricity market and operational principles. This model utterly considers the technological limits of new energy units and storages, as well as the involvement of new energy and electric vehicles in market bidding through power generation strategy and the output arrangement of the virtual power plant’s coordinated operation. The accuracy and validity of the optimal decision-making model of combined wind, solar units, loads, and energy storage systems are validated using numerical examples. Under multi-operating scenarios, the effects of renewable energy output changes on joint system bidding techniques are compared.


Cite This Article

I. Khan, F. Muhammad-Sukki, J. A. Ardila Rey, A. A. Mas’ud, S. J. Alshammari et al., "A joint optimization algorithm for renewable energy system," Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, vol. 36, no.2, pp. 1979–1989, 2023.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 729


  • 357


  • 0


Share Link