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Tuberculosis Diagnosis and Visualization with a Large Vietnamese X-Ray Image Dataset

Nguyen Trong Vinh1, Lam Thanh Hien1, Ha Manh Toan2, Ngo Duc Vinh3, Do Nang Toan2,*

1 Faculty of Information Technology, Lac Hong University, Bien Hoa, Dong Nai, 76120, Vietnam
2 Institute of Information Technology, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, Hanoi, 10072, Vietnam
3 Faculty of Information Technology, Hanoi University of Industry, Hanoi, 11915, Vietnam

* Corresponding Author: Do Nang Toan. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Deep Learning, IoT, and Blockchain in Medical Data Processing )

Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing 2024, 39(2), 281-299.


Tuberculosis is a dangerous disease to human life, and we need a lot of attempts to stop and reverse it. Significantly, in the COVID-19 pandemic, access to medical services for tuberculosis has become very difficult. The late detection of tuberculosis could lead to danger to patient health, even death. Vietnam is one of the countries heavily affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, and many residential areas as well as hospitals have to be isolated for a long time. Reality demands a fast and effective tuberculosis diagnosis solution to deal with the difficulty of accessing medical services, such as an automatic tuberculosis diagnosis system. In our study, aiming to build that system, we were interested in the tuberculosis diagnosis problem from the chest X-ray images of Vietnamese patients. The chest X-ray image is an important data type to diagnose tuberculosis, and it has also received a lot of attention from deep learning researchers. This paper proposed a novel method for tuberculosis diagnosis and visualization using the deep-learning approach with a large Vietnamese X-ray image dataset. In detail, we designed our custom convolutional neural network for the X-ray image classification task and then analyzed the predicted result to provide visualization as a heat-map. To prove the performance of our network model, we conducted several experiments to compare it to another study and also to evaluate it with the dataset of this research. To support the implementation, we built a specific annotation system for tuberculosis under the requirements of radiologists in the Vietnam National Lung Hospital. A large experiment dataset was also from this hospital, and most of this data was for training the convolutional neural network model. The experiment results were evaluated regarding sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy. We achieved high scores with a training accuracy score of 0.99, and the testing specificity and sensitivity scores were over 0.9. Based on the X-ray image classification result, we visualize prediction results as heat-maps and also analyze them in comparison with annotated symptoms of radiologists.


Cite This Article

APA Style
Vinh, N.T., Hien, L.T., Toan, H.M., Vinh, N.D., Toan, D.N. (2024). Tuberculosis diagnosis and visualization with a large vietnamese x-ray image dataset. Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, 39(2), 281-299.
Vancouver Style
Vinh NT, Hien LT, Toan HM, Vinh ND, Toan DN. Tuberculosis diagnosis and visualization with a large vietnamese x-ray image dataset. Intell Automat Soft Comput . 2024;39(2):281-299
IEEE Style
N.T. Vinh, L.T. Hien, H.M. Toan, N.D. Vinh, and D.N. Toan "Tuberculosis Diagnosis and Visualization with a Large Vietnamese X-Ray Image Dataset," Intell. Automat. Soft Comput. , vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 281-299. 2024.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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