Home / Journals / IASC / Vol.39, No.2, 2024
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  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Spatial and Contextual Path Network for Image Inpainting

    Dengyong Zhang1,2, Yuting Zhao1,2, Feng Li1,2, Arun Kumar Sangaiah3,4,*
    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.39, No.2, pp. 115-133, 2024, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2024.040847
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Explainable Artificial Intelligence (XAI): Methodologies, Interactivity and Applications)
    Abstract Image inpainting is a kind of use known area of information technology to repair the loss or damage to the area. Image feature extraction is the core of image restoration. Getting enough space for information and a larger receptive field is very important to realize high-precision image inpainting. However, in the process of feature extraction, it is difficult to meet the two requirements of obtaining sufficient spatial information and large receptive fields at the same time. In order to obtain more spatial information and a larger receptive field at the same time, we put forward… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Malware Attacks Detection in IoT Using Recurrent Neural Network (RNN)

    Abeer Abdullah Alsadhan1, Abdullah A. Al-Atawi2, Hanen karamti3, Abid Jameel4, Islam Zada5, Tan N. Nguyen6,*
    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.39, No.2, pp. 135-155, 2024, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.041130
    Abstract IoT (Internet of Things) devices are being used more and more in a variety of businesses and for a variety of tasks, such as environmental data collection in both civilian and military situations. They are a desirable attack target for malware intended to infect specific IoT devices due to their growing use in a variety of applications and their increasing computational and processing power. In this study, we investigate the possibility of detecting IoT malware using recurrent neural networks (RNNs). RNN is used in the proposed method to investigate the execution operation codes of ARM-based More >

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    ARTICLE

    A Framework for Driver Drowsiness Monitoring Using a Convolutional Neural Network and the Internet of Things

    Muhamad Irsan1,2,*, Rosilah Hassan2, Anwar Hassan Ibrahim3, Mohamad Khatim Hasan2, Meng Chun Lam2, Wan Mohd Hirwani Wan Hussain4
    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.39, No.2, pp. 157-174, 2024, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2024.042193
    Abstract One of the major causes of road accidents is sleepy drivers. Such accidents typically result in fatalities and financial losses and disadvantage other road users. Numerous studies have been conducted to identify the driver’s sleepiness and integrate it into a warning system. Most studies have examined how the mouth and eyelids move. However, this limits the system’s ability to identify drowsiness traits. Therefore, this study designed an Accident Detection Framework (RPK) that could be used to reduce road accidents due to sleepiness and detect the location of accidents. The drowsiness detection model used three facial… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Trading in Fast-Changing Markets with Meta-Reinforcement Learning

    Yutong Tian1, Minghan Gao2, Qiang Gao1,*, Xiao-Hong Peng3
    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.39, No.2, pp. 175-188, 2024, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2024.042762
    Abstract How to find an effective trading policy is still an open question mainly due to the nonlinear and non-stationary dynamics in a financial market. Deep reinforcement learning, which has recently been used to develop trading strategies by automatically extracting complex features from a large amount of data, is struggling to deal with fast-changing markets due to sample inefficiency. This paper applies the meta-reinforcement learning method to tackle the trading challenges faced by conventional reinforcement learning (RL) approaches in non-stationary markets for the first time. In our work, the history trading data is divided into multiple… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    A Reference Vector-Assisted Many-Objective Optimization Algorithm with Adaptive Niche Dominance Relation

    Fangzhen Ge1,3, Yating Wu1,*, Debao Chen2,4, Longfeng Shen1,5
    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.39, No.2, pp. 189-211, 2024, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2024.042841
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Artificial Intelligence Algorithm for Industrial Operation Application)
    Abstract It is still a huge challenge for traditional Pareto-dominated many-objective optimization algorithms to solve many-objective optimization problems because these algorithms hardly maintain the balance between convergence and diversity and can only find a group of solutions focused on a small area on the Pareto front, resulting in poor performance of those algorithms. For this reason, we propose a reference vector-assisted algorithm with an adaptive niche dominance relation, for short MaOEA-AR. The new dominance relation forms a niche based on the angle between candidate solutions. By comparing these solutions, the solution with the best convergence is More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Forecasting the Academic Performance by Leveraging Educational Data Mining

    Mozamel M. Saeed*
    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.39, No.2, pp. 213-231, 2024, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2024.043020
    Abstract The study aims to recognize how efficiently Educational Data Mining (EDM) integrates into Artificial Intelligence (AI) to develop skills for predicting students’ performance. The study used a survey questionnaire and collected data from 300 undergraduate students of Al Neelain University. The first step’s initial population placements were created using Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO). Then, using adaptive feature space search, Educational Grey Wolf Optimization (EGWO) was employed to choose the optimal attribute combination. The second stage uses the SVM classifier to forecast classification accuracy. Different classifiers were utilized to evaluate the performance of students. According to… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    A Hybrid Manufacturing Process Monitoring Method Using Stacked Gated Recurrent Unit and Random Forest

    Chao-Lung Yang1,*, Atinkut Atinafu Yilma1,2, Bereket Haile Woldegiorgis2, Hendrik Tampubolon3,4, Hendri Sutrisno5
    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.39, No.2, pp. 233-254, 2024, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2024.043091
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Artificial Intelligence Algorithm for Industrial Operation Application)
    Abstract This study proposed a new real-time manufacturing process monitoring method to monitor and detect process shifts in manufacturing operations. Since real-time production process monitoring is critical in today’s smart manufacturing. The more robust the monitoring model, the more reliable a process is to be under control. In the past, many researchers have developed real-time monitoring methods to detect process shifts early. However, these methods have limitations in detecting process shifts as quickly as possible and handling various data volumes and varieties. In this paper, a robust monitoring model combining Gated Recurrent Unit (GRU) and Random… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    A Study on Optimizing the Double-Spine Type Flow Path Design for the Overhead Transportation System Using Tabu Search Algorithm

    Nguyen Huu Loc Khuu1,2,3, Thuy Duy Truong1,2,3, Quoc Dien Le1,2,3, Tran Thanh Cong Vu1,2,3, Hoa Binh Tran1,2,3, Tuong Quan Vo1,2,3,*
    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.39, No.2, pp. 255-279, 2024, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2024.043854
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Intelligent Sensing, Manufacturing, Operation and Maintenance for Automatic Engineering Systems)
    Abstract Optimizing Flow Path Design (FPD) is a popular research area in transportation system design, but its application to Overhead Transportation Systems (OTSs) has been limited. This study focuses on optimizing a double-spine flow path design for OTSs with 10 stations by minimizing the total travel distance for both loaded and empty flows. We employ transportation methods, specifically the North-West Corner and Stepping-Stone methods, to determine empty vehicle travel flows. Additionally, the Tabu Search (TS) algorithm is applied to branch the 10 stations into two main layout branches. The results obtained from our proposed method demonstrate More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Tuberculosis Diagnosis and Visualization with a Large Vietnamese X-Ray Image Dataset

    Nguyen Trong Vinh1, Lam Thanh Hien1, Ha Manh Toan2, Ngo Duc Vinh3, Do Nang Toan2,*
    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.39, No.2, pp. 281-299, 2024, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2024.045297
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Deep Learning, IoT, and Blockchain in Medical Data Processing )
    Abstract Tuberculosis is a dangerous disease to human life, and we need a lot of attempts to stop and reverse it. Significantly, in the COVID-19 pandemic, access to medical services for tuberculosis has become very difficult. The late detection of tuberculosis could lead to danger to patient health, even death. Vietnam is one of the countries heavily affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, and many residential areas as well as hospitals have to be isolated for a long time. Reality demands a fast and effective tuberculosis diagnosis solution to deal with the difficulty of accessing medical services,… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    ABMRF: An Ensemble Model for Author Profiling Based on Stylistic Features Using Roman Urdu

    Aiman1, Muhammad Arshad1, Bilal Khan1, Khalil Khan2, Ali Mustafa Qamar3,*, Rehan Ullah Khan4
    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.39, No.2, pp. 301-317, 2024, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2024.045402
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Applying Computational Intelligence to Social Science Research)
    Abstract This study explores the area of Author Profiling (AP) and its importance in several industries, including forensics, security, marketing, and education. A key component of AP is the extraction of useful information from text, with an emphasis on the writers’ ages and genders. To improve the accuracy of AP tasks, the study develops an ensemble model dubbed ABMRF that combines AdaBoostM1 (ABM1) and Random Forest (RF). The work uses an extensive technique that involves text message dataset pretreatment, model training, and assessment. To evaluate the effectiveness of several machine learning (ML) algorithms in classifying age… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Predicting 3D Radiotherapy Dose-Volume Based on Deep Learning

    Do Nang Toan1,*, Lam Thanh Hien2, Ha Manh Toan1, Nguyen Trong Vinh2, Pham Trung Hieu1
    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.39, No.2, pp. 319-335, 2024, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2024.046925
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Deep Learning, IoT, and Blockchain in Medical Data Processing )
    Abstract Cancer is one of the most dangerous diseases with high mortality. One of the principal treatments is radiotherapy by using radiation beams to destroy cancer cells and this workflow requires a lot of experience and skill from doctors and technicians. In our study, we focused on the 3D dose prediction problem in radiotherapy by applying the deep-learning approach to computed tomography (CT) images of cancer patients. Medical image data has more complex characteristics than normal image data, and this research aims to explore the effectiveness of data preprocessing and augmentation in the context of the… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Performance Evaluation of Multi-Agent Reinforcement Learning Algorithms

    Abdulghani M. Abdulghani, Mokhles M. Abdulghani, Wilbur L. Walters, Khalid H. Abed*
    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.39, No.2, pp. 337-352, 2024, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2024.047017
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Intelligent Algorithms in Unmanned Systems and Swarms)
    Abstract Multi-Agent Reinforcement Learning (MARL) has proven to be successful in cooperative assignments. MARL is used to investigate how autonomous agents with the same interests can connect and act in one team. MARL cooperation scenarios are explored in recreational cooperative augmented reality environments, as well as real-world scenarios in robotics. In this paper, we explore the realm of MARL and its potential applications in cooperative assignments. Our focus is on developing a multi-agent system that can collaborate to attack or defend against enemies and achieve victory with minimal damage. To accomplish this, we utilize the StarCraft… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Machine Learning Empowered Security and Privacy Architecture for IoT Networks with the Integration of Blockchain

    Sohaib Latif1,*, M. Saad Bin Ilyas1, Azhar Imran2, Hamad Ali Abosaq3, Abdulaziz Alzubaidi4, Vincent Karovič Jr.5
    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.39, No.2, pp. 353-379, 2024, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2024.047080
    Abstract The Internet of Things (IoT) is growing rapidly and impacting almost every aspect of our lives, from wearables and healthcare to security, traffic management, and fleet management systems. This has generated massive volumes of data and security, and data privacy risks are increasing with the advancement of technology and network connections. Traditional access control solutions are inadequate for establishing access control in IoT systems to provide data protection owing to their vulnerability to single-point OF failure. Additionally, conventional privacy preservation methods have high latency costs and overhead for resource-constrained devices. Previous machine learning approaches were… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Transformation of MRI Images to Three-Level Color Spaces for Brain Tumor Classification Using Deep-Net

    Fadl Dahan*
    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.39, No.2, pp. 381-395, 2024, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2024.047921
    Abstract In the domain of medical imaging, the accurate detection and classification of brain tumors is very important. This study introduces an advanced method for identifying camouflaged brain tumors within images. Our proposed model consists of three steps: Feature extraction, feature fusion, and then classification. The core of this model revolves around a feature extraction framework that combines color-transformed images with deep learning techniques, using the ResNet50 Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) architecture. So the focus is to extract robust feature from MRI images, particularly emphasizing weighted average features extracted from the first convolutional layer renowned for… More >

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