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Malachite Green Adsorption Using Carbon-Based and Non-Conventional Adsorbent Made from Biowaste and Biomass: A Review

Annisa Ardiyanti, Suprapto Suprapto, Yatim Lailun Ni’mah*

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences and Data Analytics, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Kampus ITS-Sukolilo, Surabaya, 60111, Indonesia

* Corresponding Author: Yatim Lailun Ni’mah. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Eco-Friendly Waste-Base Materials for Pollution Control Sustainable Technologies)

Journal of Renewable Materials 2023, 11(11), 3789-3806. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2023.031354

Abstract

Dyes are pervasive contaminants in wastewater, posing significant health risks to both humans and animals. Among the various methods employed for effective dye removal, adsorption has emerged as a highly promising approach due to its notable advantages, including high efficiency, cost-effectiveness, low energy consumption, and operational simplicity compared to alternative treatments. This comprehensive review focuses on investigating adsorbents derived from biowastes and biomass, specifically carbon-based and non-conventional adsorbents, for the removal of malachite green, a widely used dye known for its toxic and carcinogenic properties. Carbon-based adsorbents encompass two main types: activated carbon and biochar, while non-conventional adsorbents refer to powder sorbents without carbonaceous treatments. Extensive studies have reported remarkable findings, with achieved maximum removal percentages exceeding 98% and capacities reaching 250 mg/g. These results highlight the exceptional efficacy of the reviewed adsorbents in eliminating malachite green from wastewater. By exploring the potential of bio-based adsorbents, this review sheds light on sustainable and environmentally friendly solutions for mitigating dye pollution.

Graphical Abstract

Malachite Green Adsorption Using Carbon-Based and Non-Conventional Adsorbent Made from Biowaste and Biomass: A Review

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Cite This Article

APA Style
Ardiyanti, A., Suprapto, S., Ni’mah, Y.L. (2023). Malachite green adsorption using carbon-based and non-conventional adsorbent made from biowaste and biomass: A review. Journal of Renewable Materials, 11(11), 3789-3806. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2023.031354
Vancouver Style
Ardiyanti A, Suprapto S, Ni’mah YL. Malachite green adsorption using carbon-based and non-conventional adsorbent made from biowaste and biomass: A review. J Renew Mater. 2023;11(11):3789-3806 https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2023.031354
IEEE Style
A. Ardiyanti, S. Suprapto, and Y.L. Ni’mah "Malachite Green Adsorption Using Carbon-Based and Non-Conventional Adsorbent Made from Biowaste and Biomass: A Review," J. Renew. Mater., vol. 11, no. 11, pp. 3789-3806. 2023. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2023.031354



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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