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Effect of Different Etching Time on Fabrication of an Optoelectronic Device Based on GaN/Psi

Haneen D. Jabbar1,*, Makram A. Fakhri1,*, Mohammed Jalal Abdul Razzaq1, Omar S. Dahham2,3, Evan T. Salim4, Forat H. Alsultany5, U. Hashim6

1 Laser and Optoelectronic Engineering Department, University of Technology-Iraq, Baghdad, Iraq
2 Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, Cihan University-Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
3 Department of Petroleum and Gas Refinery Engineering, Al-Farabi University Collage, Baghdad, Iraq
4 Applied Science Department, University of Technology-Iraq, Baghdad, Iraq
5 Department of Medical Physics, Al-Mustaqbal University College, Babylon, Iraq
6 Institute of Nano Electronic Engineering, University Malaysia Perlis, Kangar, Perlis, Malaysia

* Corresponding Authors: Haneen D. Jabbar. Email: email; Makram A. Fakhri. Email: email,email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Carbon-Based Nanomaterials from Renewable Materials: Synthesis, Properties and Applications)

Journal of Renewable Materials 2023, 11(3), 1101-1122.


Gallium nitride (GaN)/porous silicon (PSi) film was prepared using a pulsed laser deposition method and 1064 nm Nd: YAG laser for optoelectronic applications and a series of Psi substrates were fabricated using a photoelectrochemical etching method assisted by laser at different etching times for 2.5–15 min at 2.5 min intervals. X-ray diffraction, room-temperature photoluminescence, atomic force microscopy and field emission scanning electron microscopy images, and electrical characteristics in the prepared GaN on the Psi film were investigated. The optimum Psi substrate was obtained under the following conditions: 10 min, 10 mA/cm2, and 24% hydrofluoric acid. The substrate exhibited two highly cubic crystalline structures at (200) and (400) orientations and yellow visible band photoluminescence, and homogeneous pores formed over the entire surface. The pores had steep oval shapes and were accompanied by small dark pores that appeared topographically and morphologically. The GaN/Psi film fabricated through PLD exhibited a high and hexagonal crystallographic texture in the (002) plane. Spectroscopic properties results revealed that the photoluminescence emission of the deposited nano-GaN films was in the ultraviolet band (374 nm) related to GaN material and in the near-infrared band (730 nm) related to the Psi substrate. The topographical and morphological results of the GaN films confirmed that the deposited film contained spherical grains with an average diameter of 51.8 nm and surface roughness of 4.8 nm. The GaN/Psi surface showed a cauliflower-like morphology, and the built-in voltage decreased from 3.4 to 2.7 eV after deposition. The fabricated GaN/Psi film exhibited good electrical characteristics.


Cite This Article

APA Style
Jabbar, H.D., Fakhri, M.A., Razzaq, M.J.A., Dahham, O.S., Salim, E.T. et al. (2023). Effect of different etching time on fabrication of an optoelectronic device based on gan/psi. Journal of Renewable Materials, 11(3), 1101-1122.
Vancouver Style
Jabbar HD, Fakhri MA, Razzaq MJA, Dahham OS, Salim ET, Alsultany FH, et al. Effect of different etching time on fabrication of an optoelectronic device based on gan/psi. J Renew Mater. 2023;11(3):1101-1122
IEEE Style
H.D. Jabbar et al., "Effect of Different Etching Time on Fabrication of an Optoelectronic Device Based on GaN/Psi," J. Renew. Mater., vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 1101-1122. 2023.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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