Open Access

ARTICLE

Phosphorus Containing Rubber Seed oil as a Flame Retardant Plasticizer for Polyvinyl Chloride

Hongying Chu1,2,*, Huabei Li1,2, Xiaoyan Sun1, Yaowang Zhang1,2
1 Yellow River Conservancy Technical Institute, Kaifeng, 475004, China
2 Henan Engineering Technology Research Center of Green Coating Materials, Kaifeng, 475004, China
* Corresponding Author: Hongying Chu. Email:
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Renewable Biomass as a Platform for Preparing Green Chemistry)

Journal of Renewable Materials 2023, 11(4), 1731-1743. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2022.024160

Received 28 May 2022; Accepted 18 July 2022; Issue published 01 December 2022

Abstract

The application of phthalate plasticizers has been restricted around the world due to their poor migration and potential harm to the human body. Hence, producing functional bio-based plasticizers via exploiting clean and reusable resources meets the satisfaction of current demands. In this study, flame-retardant rubber seed oil-based plasticize (FRP) was prepared via epoxidation reaction and ring opening addition reactions, which was used as a flame-resistant plasticizer for polyvinyl chloride to replace petroleum-based phthalate plasticizer. When DOP was replaced with FRP, the torque of PVC blends increased from 11.4 to 18.4 N⋅m, the LOI value increased from 24.3% for PVC-FRP-0% to 33.1% for PVC-FRP-20. The THR value diminished from 39 MJ/m2 (pertaining to PVC-FRC-0) to 22 MJ/m2 Tg increased from 23°C to 47°C, the weight loss of plasticized PVC blends significantly reduced from 22.6% to 2.8% in leaching tests. The study provided a new way to prepare flame retardant plasticizer using rubber seed oil as raw material.

Graphical Abstract

Phosphorus Containing Rubber Seed oil as a Flame Retardant Plasticizer for Polyvinyl Chloride

Keywords

Plasticizer; rubber seed oil; polyvinyl chloride; vegetable oil modification

Cite This Article

Chu, H., Li, H., Sun, X., Zhang, Y. (2023). Phosphorus Containing Rubber Seed oil as a Flame Retardant Plasticizer for Polyvinyl Chloride. Journal of Renewable Materials, 11(4), 1731–1743.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 137

    View

  • 87

    Download

  • 0

    Like

Share Link

WeChat scan