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PLA Nanocomposites Reinforced with Cellulose Nanocrystals from Posidonia oceanica and ZnO Nanoparticles for Packaging Application

F. Luzi1, E. Fortunati1*, A. Jiménez2, D. Puglia1, A. Chiralt2, L. Torre1
University of Perugia, Civil and Environmental Engineering Department, UdR INSTM, Strada di Pentima 4, 05100 Terni, Italy
Institute of Food Engineering for Development, Polytechnic University of Valencia, Camino de Vera s/n, 46022 Valencia, Spain
*Corresponding author:

Journal of Renewable Materials 2017, 5(2), 103-115. https://doi.org/10.7569/JRM.2016.634135

Abstract

Poly(lactic acid) (PLA) based nanocomposites reinforced with 1 wt% of surfactant-modified cellulose nanocrystals (s-CNC) extracted from Posidonia oceanica plant waste and zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) at different concentrations (0.1 and 0.5 wt%) were prepared by solvent casting process. Their thermal, morphological, optical, mechanical and water vapor permeability properties were investigated. Tensile testing showed increased values for strength and deformation at break in PLA based formulations reinforced with s-CNC and ZnO NPs as a consequence of better nanofiller dispersion compared to binary films reinforced only with ZnO NPs. Moreover, the effect of s-CNC and ZnO NPs provoked an improvement of barrier properties, highlighting the synergic ability of nanofillers to increase the tortuous path of gas molecules, reducing the water vapor permeability coefficients, a property of fundamental importance in food packaging applications. Finally, antimicrobial activity was evaluated using two bacterial strains, Escherichia coli and Listeria innocua.

Keywords

Nanocomposites, packaging, poly(lactic acid), cellulose nanocrystals, zinc oxide nanoparticles, plant waste, Posidonia oceanica

Cite This Article

Luzi, F., Fortunati, E., Jiménez, A., Puglia, D., Chiralt, A. et al. (2017). PLA Nanocomposites Reinforced with Cellulose Nanocrystals from Posidonia oceanica and ZnO Nanoparticles for Packaging Application. Journal of Renewable Materials, 5(2), 103–115.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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