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Production of Starch Films Using Propolis Nanoparticles as Novel Bioplasticizer

Karolina Villalobos1, Hider Rojas1, Rodolfo González-Paz2, Daniel Brenes Granados2, Jeimmy González-Masís2, José Vega Baudrit1,3, Yendry Regina Corrales-Ureña1*

National Laboratory of Nanotechnology (LANOTEC), National Center of High Technology (CENAT), San José, Costa Rica
Instituto Tecnológico de Costa Rica (TEC), Cartago 159-7050, Cartago, Costa Rica
National University of Costa Rica (UNA), Heredia, San José

*Corresponding author: email

Journal of Renewable Materials 2017, 5(3-4), 189-198.


Because starch is a biodegradable polymer with low cost and wide availability it is an attractive material for producing edible films for fruits. Films produced with pure starch have the disadvantage of being fragile. To overcome this issue, propolis nanoparticles were used as a novel plasticizer. Mechanical, thermal and morphological properties of the films containing 0.5, 1 and 3 wt.% propolis nanoparticles were evaluated. The best performance was obtained using 0.5 wt.% propolis, increasing the Young’s modulus and decreasing the glass transition temperature (Tg), showing their plasticizing effect. The results of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) images showed a homogenous material with a low quantity of cracks and higher roughness than the pristine starch film. A more hydrophobic material was obtained due to the resin and wax compounds present in the propolis nanoparticles. This study shows the novel use of propolis as plasticizer for starch films.


Cite This Article

APA Style
Villalobos, K., Rojas, H., González-Paz, R., Granados, D.B., González-Masís, J. et al. (2017). Production of starch films using propolis nanoparticles as novel bioplasticizer. Journal of Renewable Materials, 5(3-4), 189-198.
Vancouver Style
Villalobos K, Rojas H, González-Paz R, Granados DB, González-Masís J, Baudrit JV, et al. Production of starch films using propolis nanoparticles as novel bioplasticizer. J Renew Mater. 2017;5(3-4):189-198
IEEE Style
K. Villalobos et al., "Production of Starch Films Using Propolis Nanoparticles as Novel Bioplasticizer," J. Renew. Mater., vol. 5, no. 3-4, pp. 189-198. 2017.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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