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Effect of Sepiolite Content on Hydrophilicity and Thermal Stability of Poly(butyl lactate methacrylate)

M. Purushothaman†,1, P. Santhana Gopala Krishnan1,2*, S. K. Nayak1,2
Department of Plastics Technology, Central Institute of Plastics Engineering and Technology, T.V.K. Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai-600032, India
Department of Plastics Engineering, Central Institute of Plastics Engineering and Technology, Patia, Bhubaneswar-751024, India
†Present address: Department of Materials Engineering, Hanyang University ERICA, Ansan, Gyeonggi, 426-791, Republic of Korea
*Corresponding author: ,

Journal of Renewable Materials 2017, 5(5), 363-370. https://doi.org/10.7569/JRM.2017.634128

Abstract

In the present work, the hydrophilicity and thermal behavior of nanocomposites of poly(butyl lactate methacrylate) were investigated using different weight percent of sepiolite. These nanocomposites were prepared by solution casting method. X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies indicated that the increase in sepiolite content decreased the average molecular interchain spacing () values from 7.18 to 6.23 Å in nanocomposites. Apart from the amorphous halo peak of nanocomposites, the appearance of crystalline peak at 7.41° was due to the d110 plane of sepiolite. Surface morphology of nanocomposites was studied using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) techniques and the uniform dispersion of nanofiller was observed up to 1% (w/w). Depending upon the sepiolite content, relative humidity and time, the hydrophilicity of nanocomposites can be tuned to a wide range from 5.7 to 23.6% (w/w) and it follows Fickian absorption. Glass transition temperature of nanocomposites increased from 72.1 to 80.3 °C with an increase in sepiolite content. The thermal stability of nanocomposites increased with an increase in sepiolite content, which were thermally stable up to 200 °C and thereafter exhibited two-step thermal degradation in nitrogen atmosphere.

Keywords

Nanocomposite, methacrylate, lactate, sepiolite, hydrophilicity, thermal stability

Cite This Article

Purushothaman, M., Santhana, P., Nayak, S. K. (2017). Effect of Sepiolite Content on Hydrophilicity and Thermal Stability of Poly(butyl lactate methacrylate). Journal of Renewable Materials, 5(5), 363–370.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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