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Biogenic Amorphous Silica as Filler for Elastomers

Nikolay Dishovsky1*, Petrunka Malinova1, Ivan Uzunov2
University of Chemical Technology and Metallurgy – Sofia, 8 St. Kliment Ohridski Blv., 1756 Sofia, Bulgaria
Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., bl.11, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
*Corresponding author:

Journal of Renewable Materials 2018, 6(4), 402-412. https://doi.org/10.7569/JRM.2017.634171

Abstract

Natural products from agricultural wastes are finding importance in the polymer industry due to their many advantages such as being lightweight, low cost and environmentally friendly. In the present study the potential of the two types of rice husk ash (RHA) prepared under different conditions as fillers in natural rubber-based elastomer composites was investigated. The fillers were prepared by rice husks incineration and characterized by means of X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscope (SEM), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) specific surface area, Hg-porosimetry and N2-adsorption. The evaluation involved determining the vulcanization characteristics of the compounds and their physical and mechanical characteristics, resistance to thermal aging as well as the dynamic properties of the vulcanizates containing RHA. It has been found that the ash from rice husk has good potential as filler in elastomers, especially as a substitute for synthetic commercially available silica. RHA improves the grip on ice and snow better than standard silica and may be used in formulations for shoe soles used for winter sports, extreme hiking footwear, ski boot soles, winter tire protectors, etc. Its quality depends on the conditions under which rice husk is incinerated. It is recommended to run the process at a temperature not higher than 800 °C. In particular, cases in which the vulcanizates contain biogenic silica have very interesting characteristics like improved modulus at 300% of elongation, lower residual elongation, higher mechanical loss angle tangent at 0 °C and lower at 60 °C, and are superior to those of the vulcanizates containing commercially available filler Ultrasil® 7000 GR.

Keywords

Rice husk ash, fillers, natural rubber, mechanical characteristics, dynamic properties

Cite This Article

Dishovsky, N., Malinova, P., Uzunov, I. (2018). Biogenic Amorphous Silica as Filler for Elastomers. Journal of Renewable Materials, 6(4), 402–412.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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