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Polyurethane Composites Synthesized Using Natural Oil-Based Polyols and Sisal Fibers

S. Michałowski1, M. A. Mosiewicki2*, M. Kuran´ska1, M. I. Aranguren2, A. Prociak1
Department of Chemistry and Technology of Polymers, Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Cracow University of Technology, Warszawska 24, 31-155, Cracow, Poland
Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencia y Tecnología de Materiales- Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Av. J. B. Justo 4302, 7600, Mar del Plata, Argentina
*Corresponding author:

Journal of Renewable Materials 2018, 6(4), 426-437. https://doi.org/10.7569/JRM.2017.634163

Abstract

Elastomeric polyurethanes were prepared from a reference polyurethane system modified with biobased polyols synthesized using rapeseed or palm oils. The reference material was modified by replacement of the commercial polyol by 10% of biopolyols and also by addition of sisal fibers up to 5 wt%. The higher functionality of the biopolyols increased the crosslinking density of the networks and this was reflected by an increase in hardness and a decrease in water absorption. The effect of the sisal fibers mainly improved the mechanical and thermomechanical properties of the system with rapeseed oil because of good dispersion and strong fiber-matrix interaction. The system containing palm oil polyol corresponded to an initial formulation of high viscosity and, consequently, the resulting composites presented lower densities than the theoretically expected ones. These results are associated with fiber dispersion problems in the initial reactive mixture.

Keywords

Biopolyols, palm oil, rapeseed oil, polyurethane composites

Cite This Article

Michałowski, S., Mosiewicki, M. A., Kuran´ska, M., Aranguren, M. I., Prociak, A. (2018). Polyurethane Composites Synthesized Using Natural Oil-Based Polyols and Sisal Fibers. Journal of Renewable Materials, 6(4), 426–437.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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