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Preliminary Study on Tensile and Impact Properties of Kenaf/Bamboo Fiber Reinforced Epoxy Composites

Ahmad Safwan1, Mohammad Jawaid1*, Mohamed T. H. Sultan1,2, Azman Hassan3

Laboratory of Biocomposite Technology, Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products (INTROP), Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
Department of Aerospace Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
Department of Polymer Engineering, Faculty of Chemical and Petroleum, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai, Johor Bharu, Malaysia

*Corresponding author: email

Journal of Renewable Materials 2018, 6(5), 529-535. https://doi.org/10.7569/JRM.2018.634103

Abstract

The application of natural fibers as reinforcement in composite material has increased due to environmental concerns, low cost, degradability and health concerns. The purpose of this study is to identify the best type of bamboo fibers to be used as reinforcement for kenaf (K)/bamboo hybrid composite. There were three types of bamboo fibers evaluated in this study which include bamboo mat (B), bamboo fabric (BF) and bamboo powder (BP). Chemical composition of B, BF, BP and K fibers were analyzed in this study. The effect of different types of bamboo fibers on tensile, impact, and morphological properties were investigated. The B/epoxy composites displayed the highest tensile strength (53.03 MPa) while K/epoxy composite had the highest tensile modulus (4.71 GPa). Scanning electron micrographs of B/epoxy composites displayed better fiber/matrix interfacial bonding in comparison to other studied composites. Results showed that impact strength of BF-based composite was highest (45.70 J/m). In conclusion, the tensile strength of B/epoxy composite is superior to the other bamboo reinforced composites and will be further evaluated in the next study.

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Cite This Article

Safwan, A., Jawaid, M., T., M., Hassan, A. (2018). Preliminary Study on Tensile and Impact Properties of Kenaf/Bamboo Fiber Reinforced Epoxy Composites. Journal of Renewable Materials, 6(5), 529–535.



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