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Enzymatic Degradation of Poly(butylenesuccinate)/ Thermoplastic Starch Blend

Anna Kundys1,*, Justyna Ostrowska2, Urszula Chojnacka1, Zuzanna Grodzka1, Aleksandra Lange1, Magdalena Paluch2
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Food Sciences, Warsaw University of Life Sciences -SGGW, Nowoursynowska 159c, 02-776 Warsaw, Poland
Department of Organic Technologies, New Chemical Syntheses Institute, Al. Tysiąclecia Państwa Polskiego 13A, 24-110 Puławy, Poland
*Corresponding author:

Journal of Renewable Materials 2018, 6(6), 611-618. https://doi.org/10.32604/JRM.2018.00134

Abstract

The degradation of thermoplastic starch blend in the presence of commercial α-amylase and unpurified amylase of microbial origin was investigated. The blends consisting of thermoplastic starch and poly(butylene succinate) have potential use in packaging applications thus, it is essential to establish susceptibility to degradation. Molar mass loss, gravimetric weight loss, and molecular structure were evaluated. The changes in the surface were observed with scanning electron microscopy. It was confirmed that there was a significant difference in gravimetric weight loss between the blends degraded in two different solutions. Unpurified enzymes of microbial origin, produced by Rhizopus oryzae cultures decomposed analyzed materials more efficiently than purified commercial ones. Moreover, it was proved that in applied conditions, the molar mass of PBS fraction did not change significantly.

Keywords

Poly(butylene succinate), starch, α-amylase, Rhizopus oryzae, urea

Cite This Article

Kundys, A., Ostrowska, J., Chojnacka, U., Grodzka, Z., Lange, A. et al. (2018). Enzymatic Degradation of Poly(butylenesuccinate)/ Thermoplastic Starch Blend. Journal of Renewable Materials, 6(6), 611–618.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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