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Valorization of a Good Bioceramic from Moroccan Waste Fish Bone by a Heat Treatment Method

Kaoutar Kara1,*, Fatiha Ouanji2, El Mostapha LOTFI1, Mohammed El Mahi1, Mohamed Kacimi2

Laboratory of Spectroscopy, Molecular Modeling, Materials, Nanomaterials, Water and Environment, Environmental Materials Team, ENSET, Mohammed V University, Rabat, Morocco.
Laboratory of Nanomaterial, Nanotechnology and Environment, Physico-chemical of Material and Catalysis (URAC26), Faculty of Sciences, University of Mohammed V, Rabat. Morocco.

*Corresponding Author: Kaoutar Kara. Email: email.

Journal of Renewable Materials 2019, 7(1), 1-7.


A tricalcium phosphate (TCP) material was produced from sardine and mackerel waste using a heat treatment method after a Soxhlet extraction to obtain the non-soluble portion of fish waste. The bones were annealed at temperatures between 400°C and 1200°C. The thermal analysis (TG-DTA) was carried out to investigate the thermal stability of TCP and to confirm the removal of organic matter from the raw fish. The calcined bones were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM). The calcium to phosphorous weight ratio was determined by ICP- AES. FT-IR and XRD confirmed the similarities to synthetic β-TCP (JCPDS-09-169), FE-SEM results revealed the formation of nanostructured TCP. These results suggest that varying the isolation temperature between 600-1200°C has tremendous impact on the production of TCP from fish bone waste with the required properties.


Cite This Article

Kara, K., Ouanji, F., LOTFI, E. M., Mahi, M. E., Kacimi, M. (2019). Valorization of a Good Bioceramic from Moroccan Waste Fish Bone by a Heat Treatment Method. Journal of Renewable Materials, 7(1), 1–7.


cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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