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Evaluation of the Out-of-Plane Shear Properties of Cross-Laminated Timber

Yin Yang1, Xiaoyan Cao1, Zhiqiang Wang1,*, Zhijun Liang1, Jianhui Zhou2,*

School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing, 210037, China.
Integrated Wood Engineering, University of Northern British Columbia, Prince George, V2L 1R7, Canada.

*Corresponding Authors: Zhiqiang Wang. Email: email; Jianhui Zhou. Email: email.

(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Bio-composite Materials and Structures)

Journal of Renewable Materials 2019, 7(10), 957-965.


The out-of-plane shear properties of cross-laminated timber (CLT) substantially influence the overall mechanical properties of CLT. Various testing methods and theories related to these properties have recently been developed. The effects of the number of layers (three and five layers) and testing method (short-span three- and four-point bending tests) on the out-of-plane shear properties of CLT were evaluated. The out-of-plane shear strength values were calculated based on different theories for comparison. The failure mode in the short-span four-point bending (FPB) method was mainly the rolling shear (RS) failure in the cross layers, indicating that the FPB method was appropriate to evaluate the RS strength of CLT. The out-of-plane shear capacity obtained using the three-point bending (TPB) method was higher than that tested by the FPB method. The testing methods significantly influenced the out-of-plane shear capacity of the three-layer specimens but not that of the five-layer specimens. With an increase in the number of layers, the out-of-plane shear strength of the specimens decreased by 24%. A linear correlation was found among the shear strength values obtained from different theories.


Cite This Article

Yang, Y., Cao, X., Wang, Z., Liang, Z., Zhou, J. (2019). Evaluation of the Out-of-Plane Shear Properties of Cross-Laminated Timber. Journal of Renewable Materials, 7(10), 957–965.


cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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