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Thermal and Mechanical Properties of Thermoplastic Starch and Poly(Vinyl Alcohol-Co-Ethylene) Blends

Ana Clara Lancarovici Alves, Rafael Grande, Antonio José Felix Carvalho*

Department of Materials Engineering, São Carlos School of Engineering, University of São Paulo, Av. João Dagnone, 1100, 13563-120, São Carlos-SP-Brazil.

* Corresponding Author: Antonio José Felix Carvalho. Email: email.

Journal of Renewable Materials 2019, 7(3), 245-252. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2019.00833

Abstract

The interest in thermoplastic starch (TPS) as a substitute material to replace conventional thermoplastics continues especially due its biodegradability, availability, low cost and because it is obtained from renewable sources. However, its poor mechanical properties and its high sensitivity to humidity have limited its use in several applications. Here, the copolymer poly (ethylene-co-vinyl alcohol) (EVOH), with two different ethylene contents, 27 and 44 mol% were blended with TPS by extrusion in order to overcome these limitations. The obtained blends were characterized by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), mechanical tensile testing, Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and moisture absorption test. The addition of EVOH copolymer did not significantly changed the thermal stability of TPS, however it increased the tensile strength in 65% when compared to TPS. The morphology of the blends did not showed two distinct phases, an indication of miscibility or partial miscibility of the components. A decrease of moisture absorption was obtained by the addition of EVOH and is more pronounced for the EVOH with 44% of ethylene.

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APA Style
Alves, A.C.L., Grande, R., Carvalho, A.J.F. (2019). Thermal and mechanical properties of thermoplastic starch and poly(vinyl alcohol-co-ethylene) blends. Journal of Renewable Materials, 7(3), 245-252. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2019.00833
Vancouver Style
Alves ACL, Grande R, Carvalho AJF. Thermal and mechanical properties of thermoplastic starch and poly(vinyl alcohol-co-ethylene) blends. J Renew Mater. 2019;7(3):245-252 https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2019.00833
IEEE Style
A.C.L. Alves, R. Grande, and A.J.F. Carvalho "Thermal and Mechanical Properties of Thermoplastic Starch and Poly(Vinyl Alcohol-Co-Ethylene) Blends," J. Renew. Mater., vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 245-252. 2019. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2019.00833

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cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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