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Water-Based Processing of Fiberboard of Acrylic Resin Composites Reinforced With Cellulose Wood Pulp and Cellulose Nanofibrils

Emanoele Maria Santos Chiromito1, Eliane Trovatti2, Antonio Jose Felix Carvalho1,*

Department of Materials Engineering, São Carlos School of Engineering, University of São Paulo, Av. João Dagnone, 1100, 13563-120, São Carlos-SP-Brazil.
University of Araraquara-UNIARA, R. Carlos Gomes, 1217, CEP 14801-320, Araraquara, SP, Brazil.

*Corresponding Author: Antonio Jose Felix Carvalho. Email: .

Journal of Renewable Materials 2019, 7(5), 403-413.


Despite the great potential of cellulose wood pulp and cellulose nanofibrils as reinforcing filler in thermoplastics, its use is limited due to its tendency to form agglomerates and due to its high hydrophilic character. Here we describe fiberboard composites with high contents of wood pulp or cellulose nanofibrils, and a resin of poly (styrene-methyl-methacrylate-acrylic acid) used as water-based emulsion. Cellulose wood pulp and cellulose nanofibrils were used directly in the form of water suspensions. The method is based on the flocculation of the polymer emulsion followed by agglomeration of a mixture of the polymer emulsion and cellulose suspension, leading to the co-precipitation of the composite material, which can be easily separated from the water phase. Composites with acrylic polymer/cellulose fibers in the proportions of 75:25, 50:50 and 25:75 wt% were prepared. Composites were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) and water absorption tests. SEM analysis revealed a very good dispersion of the fibers without evidence of agglomeration, which led to superior mechanical properties. These results showed the effectiveness of the methodology and the potential of cellulose wood pulp and CNF as reinforcement fillers in fiberboard composites and any other high fiber-content materials.


Cite This Article

Maria, E., Trovatti, E., Jose, A. (2019). Water-Based Processing of Fiberboard of Acrylic Resin Composites Reinforced With Cellulose Wood Pulp and Cellulose Nanofibrils. Journal of Renewable Materials, 7(5), 403–413.


This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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