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Effects of Equiaxial Strain on the Differentiation of Dental Pulp Stem Cells without Using Biochemical Reagents

F. S. Tabatabaei, M. Jazayeri, P. Ghahari, N. Haghighipour§
Department of Dental Materials, Dental School, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
National Cell Bank of Iran, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran.
Dental School, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
§ Corresponding Author. National Cell Bank of Iran, Pasteur Institute of Iran, 12 Farvardin Ave., Pasteur Ave., Tehran, Iran. Tel. & Fax: +9821-66492595. E-mail: haghighipour@pasteur.ac.ir

Molecular & Cellular Biomechanics 2014, 11(3), 209-220. https://doi.org/10.3970/mcb.2014.011.209

Abstract

During orthodontic treatments, applied mechanical forces create strain and result in tooth movement through the alveolar bone. This response to mechanical strain is a fundamental biological reaction. The present study evaluated the effect of equiaxial strain within the range of orthodontic forces on the osteogenic differentiation of human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs). Following isolation and culture of hDPSCs, 3rd passage cells were transferred on a silicone membrane covered with collagen. Cell adhesion to the membrane was evaluated under scanning electron microscope (SEM). Cells were divided into three groups: the first group was placed in a conventional culture medium, transferred to an equiaxial stretching device (3% strain for 2 weeks). The positive control was placed in an osteogenic medium with no mechanical strain. The negative control group was placed in the conventional culture medium with no mechanical strain either. Study groups were evaluated for expression of osteogenic markers (Alkaline phosphatase and Osteopontin) with immunofluorescence and real time PCR. SEM images revealed optimal adhesion of cells to the silicone membrane. Immunofluorescence study demonstrated that osteocalcin expression occurred after 2 weeks in the two groups under mechanical and chemical signals. After application of equiaxial strain, level of expression of osteogenic markers was significantly higher than in the negative and positive control groups. Based on the study results, static equiaxial strain which mimics the types of orthodontic forces can result in differentiation of hDPSCs to osteoblasts. The results obtained may be used in cell therapy and tissue engineering.

Cite This Article

Tabatabaei, F. S., Jazayeri, M., Ghahari, P., Haghighipour, N. (2014). Effects of Equiaxial Strain on the Differentiation of Dental Pulp Stem Cells without Using Biochemical Reagents. Molecular & Cellular Biomechanics, 11(3), 209–220.



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