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Evaluation of Mechanical and Chemical Stimulations on Osteocalcin and Runx2 Expression in Mesenchymal Stem Cells

Maryam Jazayeri1, Mohammad Ali Shokrgozar1, Nooshin Haghighipour1,2, Reza Mahdian3, Mehdi Farrokhi1, Shahin Bonakdar1, FereshtehMirahmadi1, Tannaz Nourizadeh Abbariki

National Cell Bank of Iran, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran
Corresponding author Email: National Cell Bank of Iran, Pasteur Institute of Iran, 69, Pasteur Ave. Tehran-13164; Tel/Fax: +98 21 66492595
Molecular Medicine Department, Biotechnology Research Center, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran

Molecular & Cellular Biomechanics 2015, 12(3), 197-213.


The osseous tissue repair and regeneration have great importance in orthopedic and maxillofacial surgery. Tissue engineering makes it possible to cure different tissue abnormalities using autologous grafts. It is now obvious that mechanical loading has essential role in directing cells to differentiation. In this study, the influence of cyclic uniaxial loading and its combination with chemical factors on expression of osteogenic markers was investigated. Rat bone marrow-derived stem cells were isolated and cultured. In one group cells were maintained in chemical induction medium. In another group cells were subjected to cyclic uniaxial strain with 3% amplitude and 0.3 Hz frequency for 24 hours and in the last group cells were affected by induction medium and physical stimulation. TaqMan Real time PCR and immunocytochemistry were done to evaluate gene expression variations. Moreover, a small incision was made to access the bone of the cranium and induced cells were seeded on collagen based scaffolds and finally the cell seeded scaffolds were implanted. Results indicated that mechanical loading alone caused a phenomenal increase in Runx2 and osteocalcin expression. Remarkable increment in gene expression was gained when induction medium were added to mechanical stimulation. The order of chemical and mechanical stimulation caused different effects and results were much better when the cells were affected by mechanical strain at first. Histological analysis showed mechanical stimulation could promote bone ingrowth in vivo. These evidences demonstrated that combination of chemical factors with mechanical strain was much more effective for directing osteogenesis since these elements have synergistic effects.


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Jazayeri, M., Shokrgozar, M. A., Haghighipour, N., Mahdian, R., Farrokhi, M. et al. (2015). Evaluation of Mechanical and Chemical Stimulations on Osteocalcin and Runx2 Expression in Mesenchymal Stem Cells. Molecular & Cellular Biomechanics, 12(3), 197–213.

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