Vol.14, No.2, 2017, pp.125-136, doi:10.3970/mcb.2017.014.123
OPEN ACCESS
ARTICLE
3D Bio-Plotted Tricalcium Phosphate/Zirconia Composite Scaffolds to Heal Large Size Bone Defects
  • Pranav S. Sapkal1,*, Abhaykumar M. Kuthe1, Shantanu Mathankar2, Akash A. Deshmukh
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India.
pranav_sapkal@rediffmail.com
Department of Biochemical Engineering & Biotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, India.
Department of Physics, RTM Nagpur University, India.
* Corresponding Author:* Department of Mechanical Engineering, Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology, South Ambazari Road, Nagpur - 440010, Maharashtra India.
Abstract
β-TCP-Zirconia scaffolds with different architectures were fabricated by means of 3D-Bioplotting in order to enhance the mechanical and in-vitro ability of the scaffold to heal large size bone defects. In the present study scaffold architecture with different strand orientations (0°-90°, 0°-45°-135°-180°, 0°-108°-216° and 0°-72°-144°-36°-108°) were fabricated, characterized and evaluated for mechanical strength and cell proliferation ability. β-TCP powder (25 µm) and PVA (Polyvinyl Alcohol) was acquired from Fisher Scientific, India. Zirconia (18 to 32 µm) was procured from Lobachemie, India. In brief 7.5%, PVA in distilled water was used as a binder and was mixed with 10 grams of (70/30) TCP-Zirconia ratio to make the ceramic paste. The paste was further sieved through a 100-micron sieve and was filled in a 30 ml syringe. With 400 microns needle, the scaffold architectures were printed layer by layer and were allowed to dry at room temperature. The dried samples were sintered at 1500oC in a silicon carbide furnace and were allowed to remain at this temperature for 5 hours. The sintered samples were then characterized by X-Ray Diffraction, Scanning Electron Microscopy, Uniaxial Compression Tests, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and cell proliferation by XTT assay using MG-63 human osteosarcoma cell line. It was revealed that all samples maintained their structure and functional groups after sintering. Also, it was found that the architecture with (0°-72°-144°-36°-108°) strand orientation had the best strength and cell proliferation ability. Jointly these properties are required for scaffold fabrication in the field of bone tissue engineering.
Keywords
3D-Bioplotter, in-vitro, β-TCP, Zirconia & Bone Tissue Engineering.
Cite This Article
Sapkal, P. S., Kuthe, A. M., Mathankar, S., Deshmukh, A. A. (2017). 3D Bio-Plotted Tricalcium Phosphate/Zirconia Composite Scaffolds to Heal Large Size Bone Defects. Molecular & Cellular Biomechanics, 14(2), 125–136.
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