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ABSTRACT

Modeling Mechano-chemical Couplings in Bone Adaptation by Remodeling

Taiji Adachi1,*, Yoshitaka Kameo1
1 Institute for Frontier Life and Medical Sciences, Kyoto University, Shogoin-kawahara-cho, Sakyo, Kyoto 606-8507, Japan.
* Corresponding Author: Taiji Adachi. Email: adachi@infront.kyoto-u.ac.jp.

Molecular & Cellular Biomechanics 2019, 16(Suppl.2), 88-88. https://doi.org/10.32604/mcb.2019.07417

Abstract

Bone adaptation by remodeling is a process to change its outer shape and internal structure to the changing mechanical environment by osteoclastic bone resorption and osteoblastic bone formation. These cellular activities are regulated by mechanosensory network of osteocytes embedded in bone matrix. An imbalance between bone resorption and formation due to low loadings or disuse results in metabolic bone disorders such as osteoporosis. Many studies have identified various signaling pathways that regulate these cellular activities; however, the physiological and pathological conditions of bone as a system remain difficult to understand because of the complexity of the signaling networks including mechano-biochemical couplings.
We have developed a novel mathematical model of bone remodeling that enables us to conduct in silico experiment by which the effects of perturbation of the biochemical and mechanical factors on the spatiotemporal dynamics of bone adaptation by remodeling can be observed.
Effects of disruption of the signaling molecules were investigated through computational simulations for cancellous bone remodeling using image-based cancellous bone models. Mechano-adaptive behaviors of trabecular bone under mechanical loading were investigated by considering a mechano-sensory network of osteocytes in bone matrix, in which the pathological bone states due to low mechanical loadings and abnormal expression of signaling molecules were reproduced. The developed platform was applied to conduct in silico perturbation experiment to observe the effects of specific signaling molecules on bone remodeling dynamics over time including distribution of signaling molecules, cell behaviors, and trabecular microstructure.

Keywords

Bone adaptation; computational biomechanics; In silico experiment

Cite This Article

Adachi, T., Kameo, Y. (2019). Modeling Mechano-chemical Couplings in Bone Adaptation by Remodeling. Molecular & Cellular Biomechanics, 16(Suppl.2), 88–88.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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