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Characteristics of Surface Electromyography of Forehand Smash of Badminton Players

Chen Zhang*
Henan Mechanical and Electrical Vocational College, Zhengzhou, 451191, China
* Corresponding Author: Chen Zhang. Email:

Molecular & Cellular Biomechanics 2021, 18(1), 33-40.

Received 19 September 2020; Accepted 23 December 2020; Issue published 26 January 2021


To understand the characteristics of the forehand smash of badminton player and improve their performance, this study took eight badminton players as the subject, obtained the kinematics data through the Qualisys infrared high-speed camera, obtained the electromyography (EMG) data through the ME-6000 surface EMG test system, and compared and analyzed their forehand smash action. The results showed that the greater the angle and speed of different joints in the forehand smash was, the greater the speed and strength of hitting the ball was; the discharge amount of biceps brachii (BB) was the smallest, followed by triceps brachii (TB), flexor carpi ulnaris (FCU), anterior deltoid (AD), posterior deltoid (FD), and pectoralis major (PM), and the activation order was PM → AD → FD → BB → TB → FCU; deltoid muscle and pectoralis major muscle were the main muscle groups in the exercise, which showed the characteristic that trunk muscles drove arm muscles.


Badminton; forehand smash; kinematics; surface electromyography; upper limb

Cite This Article

Zhang, C. (2021). Characteristics of Surface Electromyography of Forehand Smash of Badminton Players. Molecular & Cellular Biomechanics, 18(1), 33–40.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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