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Mesoscopic Biochemical Basis of Isogenetic Inheritance and Canalization: Stochasticity, Nonlinearity, and Emergent Landscape

Hong Qian, Hao Ge

Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA.
Beijing International Center for Mathematical Research and Biodynamic Optical Imaging Center, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, PRC.

Molecular & Cellular Biomechanics 2012, 9(1), 1-30. https://doi.org/10.3970/mcb.2012.009.001

Abstract

Biochemical reaction systems in mesoscopic volume, under sustained environmental chemical gradient(s), can have multiple stochastic attractors. Two distinct mechanisms are known for their origins: (a) Stochastic single-molecule events, such as gene expression, with slow gene on-off dynamics; and (b) nonlinear networks with feedbacks. These two mechanisms yield different volume dependence for the sojourn time of an attractor. As in the classic Arrhenius theory for temperature dependent transition rates, a landscape perspective provides a natural framework for the system's behavior. However, due to the nonequilibrium nature of the open chemical systems, the landscape, and the attractors it represents, are all themselves emergent properties of complex, mesoscopic dynamics. In terms of the landscape, we show a generalization of Kramers' approach is possible to provide a rate theory. The emergence of attractors is a form of self-organization in the mesoscopic system; stochastic attractors in biochemical systems such as gene regulation and cellular signaling are naturally inheritable via cell division. Delbrück-Gillespie's mesoscopic reaction system theory, therefore, provides a biochemical basis for spontaneous isogenetic switching and canalization.

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APA Style
Qian, H., Ge, H. (2012). Mesoscopic biochemical basis of isogenetic inheritance and canalization: stochasticity, nonlinearity, and emergent landscape. Molecular & Cellular Biomechanics, 9(1), 1-30. https://doi.org/10.3970/mcb.2012.009.001
Vancouver Style
Qian H, Ge H. Mesoscopic biochemical basis of isogenetic inheritance and canalization: stochasticity, nonlinearity, and emergent landscape. Mol Cellular Biomechanics . 2012;9(1):1-30 https://doi.org/10.3970/mcb.2012.009.001
IEEE Style
H. Qian and H. Ge, "Mesoscopic Biochemical Basis of Isogenetic Inheritance and Canalization: Stochasticity, Nonlinearity, and Emergent Landscape," Mol. Cellular Biomechanics , vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 1-30. 2012. https://doi.org/10.3970/mcb.2012.009.001



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