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Potential Role of CD133 Expression in the Susceptibility of Human Liver Cancer Stem-Like Cells to TRAIL

Su-Hoon Lee, Suh-Kyung Hyun, Hak-Bong Kim, Chi-Dug Kang, Sun-Hee Kim

Department of Biochemistry, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Yangsan, South Korea

Oncology Research 2016, 24(6), 495-509. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504016X14685034103950

Abstract

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignancies, with a poor prognosis and high recurrence rate. In the present study, we identified CD133, one of the markers of cancer stem cells, as a novel molecular target of tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL). In four human HCC cell lines established from primary HCC tumors, we found that CD133-high human liver cancer stem-like cells (CD133hi) derived from the SNU-475 cell line were highly susceptible to TRAIL compared to other HCC cell lines with a small population of CD133. CD133hi SNU-475 cells showed upregulation of TRAIL receptor DR5 and stemness-related genes such as c-Myc and ABC transporters compared to their CD133-low (CD133lo) cells. Hypersensitivity of CD133hi cells to TRAIL was associated with c-Myc-mediated upregulation of DR5 and downregulation of c-FLIPL in the cells. Knockdown of CD133 expression in CD133hi cells resulted in the downregulation of c-Myc, and depletion of c-Myc caused a decrease in the cell surface expression of DR5 and an increase in the expression of c-FLIPL and, consequently, attenuated TRAIL-induced cytotoxicity and apoptosis of CD133hi cells. These results suggest that TRAIL may provide a new strategy for CD133hi CSCs of HCC-targeted therapies and, potentially, for therapies of other CD133-expressing types of cancer.

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APA Style
Lee, S., Hyun, S., Kim, H., Kang, C., Kim, S. (2016). Potential role of CD133 expression in the susceptibility of human liver cancer stem-like cells to TRAIL. Oncology Research, 24(6), 495-509. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504016X14685034103950
Vancouver Style
Lee S, Hyun S, Kim H, Kang C, Kim S. Potential role of CD133 expression in the susceptibility of human liver cancer stem-like cells to TRAIL. Oncol Res. 2016;24(6):495-509 https://doi.org/10.3727/096504016X14685034103950
IEEE Style
S. Lee, S. Hyun, H. Kim, C. Kang, and S. Kim "Potential Role of CD133 Expression in the Susceptibility of Human Liver Cancer Stem-Like Cells to TRAIL," Oncol. Res., vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 495-509. 2016. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504016X14685034103950



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