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Intratumoral Photodynamic Therapy With Newly Synthesized Pheophorbide a in Murine Oral Cancer

Mee-Young Ahn*1, Hyo-Eun Yoon†1, Seong-Yong Moon, Yong-Chul Kim§, Jung-Hoon Yoon

* College of Medical and Life Sciences, Division of Bio-industry, Major in Pharmaceutical Engineering, Silla University, Busan, South Korea
† Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, College of Dentistry, Wonkwang Bone Regeneration Research Institute, Daejeon Dental Hospital, Wonkwang University, Daejeon, South Korea
‡ Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Chosun University, Gwangju, South Korea
§ Department of Life Sciences, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, Gwangju, South Korea
1 These authors provided equal contribution to this work

Oncology Research 2017, 25(2), 295-304. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504016X14732527645922

Abstract

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a therapeutic alternative for malignant tumors that uses a photosensitizer. Our group recently synthesized photosensitizer pheophorbide a (Pa) from chlorophyll-a. The present study investigated the therapeutic effect of PDT using intratumoral administration of the synthetic photosensitizer Pa in an in vivo murine oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) animal model. Pa accumulation was measured using the fluorescence spectrum and imaging in living C3H mice. Intratumoral treatment of Pa-PDT (IT Pa-PDT) significantly inhibited the growth of transplanted OSCC cells. Histopathological examination of tumor tissues showed that PCNA expression was significantly decreased, while TUNEL-stained cells were markedly increased in the IT Pa-PDT group compared to controls. IT Pa-PDT-induced apoptosis was confirmed by immunoblot. Reduction of Bcl-2 and cleavage of caspase 3 and PARP were observed in IT Pa-PDT. These data demonstrate that IT Pa-PDT inhibited tumor cell proliferation and induced apoptosis, which is correlated with the anticancer activity of IT Pa-PDT. These potent antitumor activities of IT Pa-PDT were observed in both the immunohistochemistry and Western blot experiments. Our findings suggest the intratumoral therapeutic potential of Pa-PDT on OSCC. Additionally, demonstrated detection of Pa using a fluorescence spectroscopy system or molecular imaging system provides a means for simultaneous diagnosis and treatment of OSCC.

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APA Style
Ahn, M., Yoon, H., Moon, S., Kim, Y., Yoon, J. (2017). Intratumoral photodynamic therapy with newly synthesized pheophorbide a in murine oral cancer. Oncology Research, 25(2), 295-304. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504016X14732527645922
Vancouver Style
Ahn M, Yoon H, Moon S, Kim Y, Yoon J. Intratumoral photodynamic therapy with newly synthesized pheophorbide a in murine oral cancer. Oncol Res. 2017;25(2):295-304 https://doi.org/10.3727/096504016X14732527645922
IEEE Style
M. Ahn, H. Yoon, S. Moon, Y. Kim, and J. Yoon "Intratumoral Photodynamic Therapy With Newly Synthesized Pheophorbide a in Murine Oral Cancer," Oncol. Res., vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 295-304. 2017. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504016X14732527645922



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