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Overexpression of PER3 Inhibits Self-Renewal Capability and Chemoresistance of Colorectal Cancer Stem-Like Cells via Inhibition of Notch and β-Catenin Signaling

Feng Zhang*, Hong Sun, Sai Zhang, Xin Yang, Guogang Zhang*, Tao Su

* Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, P.R. China
† The Medical Research Center of Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, P.R. China
‡ Department of General Surgery, The Third Hospital of Changsha, Changsha, P.R. China

Oncology Research 2017, 25(5), 709-719. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504016X14772331883976

Abstract

PER3, a circadian clock gene, plays an important role in colorectal cancer, but its action and underlying mechanism in colorectal cancer stem-like cells (CSCs) remain unclear. In this study, the colorectal CSCs were enriched in colorectal HCT-116 sphere-forming cells, expressing lower levels of stem cell markers CD133, CD44, LGR5, and SOX2 compared with HCT-116 cells. A drug-resistant strain from HCT-116 was established. Western blot and qRT-PCR analysis showed that PER3 was downregulated in colorectal CSCs and drug-resistant HCT-116. Overexpression of PER3 could strengthen 5-FU-induced inhibitory effects on colorectal CSCs, but knockdown of PER3 decreased its inhibition of colorectal CSCs. In addition, overexpression of PER3 in colorectal CSCs resulted in reduced colony formation efficiency in a soft agar medium and self-renewal efficiency. Inversely, knockdown of PER3 enhanced self-renewal of colorectal CSCs. Overexpression of PER3 decreased stemness markers and Notch1, Jagged1, β-catenin, c-Myc, and LGR5 in colorectal CSCs. When Notch or β-catenin signaling was inhibited, the chemoresistance and self-renewal capability of colorectal CSCs were decreased. It was confirmed that PER3 can reduce chemoresistance and self-renewal capability of colorectal CSCs via inhibition of Notch and β-catenin signaling. Our results reveal that PER3 plays a critical role in maintaining the stemness of colorectal CSCs and may be a promising target for elimination of CSCs.

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APA Style
Zhang, F., Sun, H., Zhang, S., Yang, X., Zhang, G. et al. (2017). Overexpression of PER3 inhibits self-renewal capability and chemoresistance of colorectal cancer stem-like cells via inhibition of notch and β-catenin signaling. Oncology Research, 25(5), 709-719. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504016X14772331883976
Vancouver Style
Zhang F, Sun H, Zhang S, Yang X, Zhang G, Su T. Overexpression of PER3 inhibits self-renewal capability and chemoresistance of colorectal cancer stem-like cells via inhibition of notch and β-catenin signaling. Oncol Res. 2017;25(5):709-719 https://doi.org/10.3727/096504016X14772331883976
IEEE Style
F. Zhang, H. Sun, S. Zhang, X. Yang, G. Zhang, and T. Su "Overexpression of PER3 Inhibits Self-Renewal Capability and Chemoresistance of Colorectal Cancer Stem-Like Cells via Inhibition of Notch and β-Catenin Signaling," Oncol. Res., vol. 25, no. 5, pp. 709-719. 2017. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504016X14772331883976



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