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Oxysterol-Binding Protein-Related Protein 8 Inhibits Gastric Cancer Growth Through Induction of ER Stress, Inhibition of Wnt Signaling, and Activation of Apoptosis

Xiaohe Guo*, Lanfang Zhang*, Yingying Fan*, Dezhong Zhang, Lei Qin*, Shuping Dong*, Guangyan Li*

* Department of Gastroenterology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xinxiang Medical University, Weihui, P.R. China
† Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xinxiang Medical University, Weihui, P.R. China

Oncology Research 2017, 25(5), 799-808. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504016X14783691306605

Abstract

Gastric cancer (GC) is the third leading cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. Oxysterol-binding proteinrelated protein 8 (ORP8) functions as a sterol sensor that regulates a number of cellular functions. We showed that ORP8 expression was significantly lower in GC tissues and cells. Overexpression of ORP8 significantly inhibited GC cell proliferation in several GC cells. The formation of colonies in AGS cells was inhibited by the overexpression of ORP8. Moreover, overexpression of ORP8 significantly decreased implanted tumor growth in nude mice. Overexpression of ORP8 resulted in a significant increase in CHOP and GRP78 expression and the phosphorylation of PERK, indicating the occurrence of ER stress. Inhibition of ER stress by 4-PBA notably suppressed overexpression of ORP8-induced decrease of GC cell proliferation, formation of colonies, and implanted tumor growth. Overexpression of ORP8 resulted in a significant decrease in Wnt3a and β-catenin expression, and activation of Wnt signaling by HLY78 markedly blocked overexpression of ORP8-induced decrease in GC cell proliferation, formation of colonies, and implanted tumor growth. 4-PBA inhibited overexpression of ORP8-induced decrease in Wnt signaling. Furthermore, overexpression of ORP8 resulted in significant activation of mitochondrial apoptotic events and increase in apoptosis, which was inhibited by 4-PBA and HLY78. Induction of ER stress, inhibition of Wnt signaling, and apoptotic cell death were involved in ORP8-induced inhibition of GC cell proliferation. These findings indicate that downregulation of ORP8 plays a pivotal role in the progression of GC, and it may be a novel therapeutic target in the treatment of GC.

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APA Style
Guo, X., Zhang, L., Fan, Y., Zhang, D., Qin, L. et al. (2017). Oxysterol-binding protein-related protein 8 inhibits gastric cancer growth through induction of ER stress, inhibition of wnt signaling, and activation of apoptosis. Oncology Research, 25(5), 799-808. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504016X14783691306605
Vancouver Style
Guo X, Zhang L, Fan Y, Zhang D, Qin L, Dong S, et al. Oxysterol-binding protein-related protein 8 inhibits gastric cancer growth through induction of ER stress, inhibition of wnt signaling, and activation of apoptosis. Oncol Res. 2017;25(5):799-808 https://doi.org/10.3727/096504016X14783691306605
IEEE Style
X. Guo et al., "Oxysterol-Binding Protein-Related Protein 8 Inhibits Gastric Cancer Growth Through Induction of ER Stress, Inhibition of Wnt Signaling, and Activation of Apoptosis," Oncol. Res., vol. 25, no. 5, pp. 799-808. 2017. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504016X14783691306605



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